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History Chapter 6:1
Terms in this set (77)
A boot-shaped peninsula jutting into the Mediterranean Sea.
Tiber, 7 hills
Rome lay 15 miles up the _______ and is situated on ___________.
Apennine Mountains, land, ports
The __________ runs the length of Italy. Most people lived on the Western coast, where there was better _____ and more ______.
Rome's Port _____ lay at the mouth of the Tiber River.
The _____ absorbed the culture of strong civilizations in the Mediterranean.
Phoenicians & Greeks
The _____ both had colonies on the Italian penninsula.
The _____crossed the Tiber River in 600 BC and siezed Rome.
alphabet, art, building technizues (archs), and gods
Romans adopted the Etruscan _____, _____, _____, and_____.
In 509 BC, the romans overthrew the _____ and established a _____where voting citizens elect leaders.
Society was dominated by_____, wealthy landowners.
Common people were _____- farmers, artisans, small merchants, and traders.
public office, patrician families
By law, Plebians could not hold _____or marry into _____.
_____made up the bottom strata of society- usually POW's (plebian debt slaves)
The Roman economy ws based on _____-small farmers & large landowners.
_____, composed of 300 patricians who served for life, guided foreign and domestic policy.
_____ (Rome's highest annual office) administered the law (1 year term).
An _____ (1 year term) approved the consuls.
_____had no real power over the senate.
_____had equal power & could veto each other.
_____could be elected in times of crisis.
Eventually, all landowning citizens served in the _____.
slings, javelins, spears, & swords
Soldiers used _____, _____, _____, &_____.
Roman commanders had _____ over their troops.
Training, discipline, & loyalty
_____, _____, & _____ made the Roman Army effective.
The army was divided into 6000 man subdivisions called _____.
Legions were divided into highly mobile, 600 man sub units called _____.
As the _____ expanded, more plebians became involved in government.
The Senate was made up of _____members that were heads of clans, former officials, and later some plebians.
Assembly of Centuries, elected highest officials
The _____ is composed of entire army and declared war. The _____made legislative decisions.
10 _____ spoke to the senate on behalf of the plebians.
_____is the highest annual office-conducted wars, handled finances and the judiciary.
_____adjudicated legal matters.
_____are former consuls elected for 5 years to enforce moral codes and register population for voting & tax purposes.
age, term length
Limits on the _____of officials & regulations on _____ were used to prevent abuses of office.
12 Tables of Laws, protected
The_____were set upin the forum. Though it clearly discriminated against plebians, it _____people against arbitrary treatment.
plebians & patricians
Over the next 200 years, marriages between _____ & _____ were allowed.
Over the next 200 years, _____ became less severe.
Tribunes gained _____over plebians threatening legislation.
right to pass laws
Over the next 200 years, Assembly of tribes gained the _____.
in 367 BC, one _____ was required to be a plebian.
hold all offices, senators
Eventually, Plebians were allowed to _____ and be _____.
Large _____ were the center of the Roman Republic.
_____had absolute power over the household (slavery).
Children were educated to serve _____.
hard work, loyalty, & courage
Virtues of _____, _____, & _____ were stresses in the Roman family.
Children were educated by _____ or sent to academies.
Women were citizens but had few _____.
marriages were usually _____ by age _____.
Later, women could control their own _____ and own _____.
Romans allowed women to live very _____lives.
Some women aquired _____.
Women often supervised all _____.
Romans _____much like the Greeks.
household shrines, festivals
Romans had _____, and frequent public religious _____ and games.
Conquest of Italy
The _____ was when conquered Samnites & Etruscans became the leading state in Italy by 290 BC.
Greek King Pyrrhus
Romans eventually conquered Greek cities in S. Italy after setbacks at the hands of the _____.
King Pyrrhus treated conquered people well and gave _____ to the Italians.
Pyrrhus built roads like _____ for trade and military.
Pyrrhus granted Roman soldiers & farmers _____ in conquered territory to encourage them to _____ there.
Conquered people were required to _____ for the Roman army.
Increased size & influence of Rome led to conflict with _____, the major powerin the W. Mediterranean.
1st Punic War
Fighting between two cities- one allied with Rome, one allied with Carthage , led to the _____. It was 3 years long.
To battle Carthage, a major sea power, Rome built a _____.
Rome developed a new fighting technique at sea call the _____, and won stunning victories.
After 23 years of fighting, Carthage_____.
Even after requesting peace, Carthage remained _____.
gigantic fine, Sicily, Sardinia, & Corsica
Carthage had to pay a _____and surrender _____, _____, &_____.
Hamilcar Barca & his son, _____, extended Carthaginian power in the 20 years after the 1st punic war, mainly in _____.
Carthaginians, Rome, Spain
The_____ wanted revenge on _____ and antagonized Rome by advancing into_____.
In 218 BC, Hannibal crossed the_____ and entered_____. He lost all but one elephant.
Hannibal attempted to persuade locals to switch their _____ from Rome to Carthage. Most remained _____.
towns & cities
Ultimately, Hannibal & his troops campaigned all over Italy destroying _____.
The Romans avoided a head to head conflict until _____ where the Romans were soundly defeated because Hannibal purposely put weak men in the front part of the arch.
N. Africa, Italy
The Romans will ultimately take the war to Carthage by landing in _____ and forcing Hanibal to leave _____.
Hannibal was defeated by _____ who received a triumph (parade through Rome) for his accomplishment.
_____became subservient to _____ and was required to pay a huge fine, return conquered territories, and couldn't wage war without Roman consent.
In 150 BC Carthage fought _____without Roman permission.
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The Roman Republic; Kohrt
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