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The Young Rebulic
Terms in this set (35)
Belief in the federal government. created federal tax, federal debt, federal budget, national bank, customs service, and coast guard. was killed by Burr.
Bank of the United States
created in 1791, Hamilton argued that it was compatible even thought the Constitution did no say anything about it. Others argued against it. In the end Hamilton won.
Party started by Jefferson; political philosophy believing in the public good, working for other people, and the common man; weak cent. gov.; strict construction; agrarian society; anti-debt; people located in Southern frontiers
made plans to use American ports to outfit French Warships, encouraged American shipowners to serve as French privateers. He was disliked by Washington for going against the Neutrality Acts.
Treaty with Britain negotiated in 1794 by John Jay. Britain agreed to vacate forts in the Northwest Territory.
a protest caused by tax on liquor; it tested the will of the government, Washington's quick response showed the government's strength and mercy
a 1797 French attempt to bribe the United States by demanding money before discussing French seizure of neutral American ships
Alien and Sedition Acts
made if difficult for foreigners to become citizens. Someone could be prosecuted for participating in sedition against the government. "Federalist Campaign"
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
ideas of John Locke to argue that the federal government had been formed by a contract among states and possessed only certain delegated powers. The right to nullify.
Chief Justice John Marshall
established foundations for the American jurisprudence, the authority of the Supreme Court, and the constitutional supremacy of the national government over the states.
Marbury vs. Madison
First U.S. supreme court decision to declare a federal law- The Judiciary Act of 1801- unconstitutional.
Corps of Discovery
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led the expedition of the new Louisiana territory, going from Missouri to Oregon.
Thomas Jefferson's vice president, but did not have the support from Republicans. Wanted to work with Federalist. He killed Hamilton.
a famous chief of the Shawnee who tried to unite Indian tribes against the increasing white settlement (1768-1813)
Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
Francis Scott Key
During the War of 1812, he watched British force bombard Fort McHenry, but fail to take it. He wrote the Star Spangled Banner.
In 1818, his successful campaign against the Spanish forces in Florida gave the U.S. and upper hand in negotiating Florida from Spain. vetoed the re-chartering of the national bank.
Treaty of Ghent
December 24, 1814 - Ended the War of 1812 and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. It also set up a commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border.
Meeting of New England Federalist on Dec. 15, 1814 to protest War of 1812. Proposed seven constitutional amendments. (war ends before congress responds)
United States politician and orator (1782-1817), Leader of the Whig Party, originally pro-North, supported the Compromise of 1850 and subsequently lost favor from his constituency
spokesmen for the American System. promoted economic nationalism, market revolution, and development of western states. Formulated the second Missouri Compromise- excluded rights of blacks. Clay supported John Quincy Adams and was appointed secretary of state.
Tariff of 1816
This protective tariff helped American industry by raising the prices of British manufactured goods, which were often cheaper and of higher quality than those produced in the U.S.
John C. Calhoun
Secretary of war under Monroe and the John Quincy Adams vice president. Proposed bill for the second National Bank. Wanted tariffs then didn't want them.
Program of internal improvements and protective tariffs promoted by Speaker of the House Henry Clay in his presidential campaign of 1824; the core of Whig ideology.
Secretary of state under Madison then became president. signed the Transcontinental Treaty with Spain giving the U.S. Florida. In 1823 he established the Monroe Doctrine
Aquired 1846. 49th parallel established by US and Britain as Boundary for Oregon
panic of 1819
A natural post-war depression caused by overproduction and the reduced demand for goods after the war. However, it was generally blamed on the National Bank.
second Bank of the United States
chartered in 1816, much like its predecessor of 1791 but with more capital; it could not forbid state banks from issuing notes, but its size and power enabled it to compel the state banks to issue only sound notes or risk being forced out of business.
an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories
36 degrees 30
According to the Missouri Compromise, any part of the Louisiana Purchase north of this line was to be excluded from slavery.
American continents no longer up for colonization and America was neutral in European Affairs.
John Quincy Adams won the election supported by Henry Clay, and was appointed secretary of state. Jackson accused them of making a deal to win the election.
John Quincy Adams
Argued President Monroe to issue the Monroe Doctrine, which incorporated Adams views. As president he wanted government expansion and use of federal powers.
inaugurated in 1789
The Quasi War
Congress cut off all trade with France and in 1798 warships took down French Vessels.
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