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France and most European countries prefered this method of day to day management of the colony
indirect control relied on this. each colony had a legislative council that included colonial officials as well as local merchants and professionals. this happened in the British colonies of Australia and Canada and in the 1890s in the USA controlling the Philippines
existing political rulers
the attitude (of a person or a government) that subordinates should be controlled in a fatherly way for their own good
Europeans brought in their own bureaucrats and did not train local people in European methods of governing because they believed in ________ control
the process by which the local populations gradually adopted French culture and become like the French. all local schools, courts, and businesses were patterned after French institutions
policy that the French settled for in most places after abandoning assimilation, similar to indirect control
three largest ethnic groups in Nigeria
the Hausa- Fulani in the north, the Yoruba in the southwest, and the Igbo in the southeast
Igbo and Yoruba religion and government systems
followed traditional religions and relied on local chiefs for control
Maji Maji rebellion
Africans believed that if they sprinkled magic water on them then it would turn the Germans' bullets into water (unsuccessful resistance) over 20 different ethnic groups fought united
number killed by German machine guns during Maji Maji rebellion
75,000 resisters, twice that number perished in famine that followed
reason Menelik declared war on Italian forces advancing into northern Ethiopia
differences between the wording in the treaty in the Ethiopian and language and in Italian, Menelik thought he was giving up a tiny portion of Ethiopia, Italians claimed all of it
negative effects of European colonial rule on Africans
lost control of their land
many died of new diseases such as smallpox
breakdown of traditional cultures
division of the African continent
positive effects of European colonial rule on Africans
reduced local warfare
improved sanitation and provided hospitals and schools in some places
railroads, dams, telephone and telegraph lines were built
a country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power
sphere of influence
an area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges
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