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US History Chapter 20 Study Guide - Tessa Kaufmann
Terms in this set (42)
The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty did what between whom?
It limited the number of nuclear weapons that the United States or the Soviet Union had/was making
Which country did President Nixon visit to improve trade relations?
Operation Rolling Thunder was a(n)
sustained bombing campaign against North
President Nixon's Vietnamization policy emphasized that the United States must
empower South Vietnamese forces to assume
more combat duties
Why was the Tet Offensive considered a turning point in the war?
The Vietcong and North Vietnamese
demonstrated that they could still fight.
The American public began to distrust the Johnson administration because of the what?
What was a hawk, and who were the most famous ones?
Conservative Congress members that supported the war
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution allowed President Johnson to do what?
take all necessary measures to defend against
armed attacks on U.S. forces.
President Johnson entered the Vietnam War because he...
believed in the Domino theory.
What did SALT I do?
reduced tensions between the United States and
the Soviet Union.
How did the Soviet Union respond to the normalization of relations between China and the United States?
Brehnev invited Nixon to visit Moscow.
China demonstrated its willingness to open talks with the United States by...
inviting the American table tennis team to play against its athletes.
President Nixon believed that normalizing relations with China would do what?
drive a wedge between China and the Soviet Union.
President Nixon considered his approach to foreign policy to be what?
Ultimately, the end of the Vietnam War resulted in what?
communist control of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.
What did the Pentagon Papers reveal?
American leaders misled the Congress and American people about the war.
In 1970, President Nixon tried to break the stalemate in the peace process by doing what?
Ordering a ground attack on Vietcong bases in Cambodia.
President Nixon ordered the secret bombing of the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Cambodia, why?
to reduce the flow of communist supplies.
Who won the 1968 Presidential election?
In March 1968, what surprising announcement did President Johnson make to the American people?
He would not run for another term as president.
To eliminate deferment abuses, the Selective Service system...
adopted a lottery system for selection
During the Vietnam War, African American soldiers were more likely to do what?
serve in a combat position
To convince North Vietnam to stop reinforcing the Vietcong, President Johnson ordered Operation Rolling Thunder, which did what?
began a sustained bombing compaign
Why did American soldiers use Agent Orange?
to disrupt the enemy's food supply
Ho Chi Minh compared his military to a(n) what?
By the end of 1965, most American soldiers in Vietnam (got there how)
had been drafted
Why did President Johnson have to cut back his Great Society initiatives?
The war costs were rising
What best describes the Vietcong's war strategy?
fight small skirmishes
The Geneva Accords provided for what?
The division of Vietnam into two countries.
What happened during the Vietnamese election in 1956?
Ngo Dinh Diem refused to participate
President Truman agreed to help France because he feared...
the spread of communism in Southeast Asia
President Johnson escalated American involvement in Vietnam by doing what?
President Nixon's leading adviser on national security and international affairs
guerrilla fighters who launched an insurgency in Vietnam
a coordinated assault by communist forces on more than 40 cities in Vietnam
rebel leader who demanded independence for Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh
an antiwar candidate for President in 1968
Chinese premier who normalized relations with President Nixon
a classified government history of American involvement in Vietnam
a Vietnamese village attacked by American troops
a jellied gasoline that explodes when dropped in large canisters
the idea that if Vietnam fell to communism, its neighbors would follow
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