13 terms

Period 2 Flashcards: (1607 - 1754)

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Why 1607 - 1754 was chosen as the dates for period 2
1607 = 1st English permanent settlement in Jamestown; 1754 = start of the 7 Years War
Characteristics of Spanish colonization
Sought tight control over the colonies and focused on converting and exploiting the Natives. (Think 3 Gs)
Characteristics of French and Dutch colonization
Fewer inhabitants than other countries; focused on trade, alliances, and intermarriage with Native Americans. Heavy focus on furs (beaver)
Characteristics of English colonization
Colonies were based on agriculture; large number of men and women inhabited the colonies; relatively hostile relations with Native Americans.
Reasons for the emergence of the Atlantic Slave Trade
Large amount of land for farming; shortage of indentured servants (Post-1676 Bacon's Rebellion); hard to enslave Natives (diseases); European demand for goods (tobacco)
Ways Africans resisted slavery
Overt and covert methods such as: rebellion (although not often), sabotaging equipment, and running away
Characteristics of New England colonies
Founded primarily by Puritans, that wanted a group of like-minded individuals; close-knit, longer life expectancies; mixed economy of farming and trade
Characteristics of middle colonies
Religiously, ethnically, and demographically diverse of all the colonies. (Think Quakers - religiously tolerant.) Economy was based on grains.
Characteristics of Southern colonies
Chesapeake (MD and VA) and North Carolina was based on tobacco - relied on indentured servants early on, later replaced by African slaves
Pueblo Revolt
Native American revolt against the Spanish in late 17th century; expelled the Spanish for over 10 years; Spain began to take an accommodating approach to Natives after the revolt
Anglicization of the British colonies
Process of colonies acting "British"; was influenced by political communities based on English models, commercial ties, trans-Atlantic print culture, religious toleration, and spread of Enlightenment
The Enlightenment
Time period focused on reason and promoting new forms of government (Locke, Montesquieu); influenced the American Revolution
Mercantilism
Economic policy that focuses on making $ for the mother country. It favors a positive balance of trade for the mother country and the accumulation of gold and silver