20 terms

renaissance art and artists

What themes did renaissance artist explore in their art?
The art created during the Renaissance was revolutionary. The different paintings and pieces contained many different themes. During the Renaissance people like Leon Battista Alberti formalized perspective as an artistic technique. Many pieces depicted the beauty of nature and the different stories and accounts from the bible. During the Renaissance Period, art began to focus more on joy in human beauty, and a renewed appreciation for life's pleasures. Oil paint was invented, which set the stage for oil paintings, a new phenomenon in the art world.
How were the art themes different from those of the Middle Ages?
The Middle Ages art focused all of its attention on the Church, artist have branched out to other things. For example, Leonardo Di Vinci created the Mona Lisa through his own artistic theme rather than having it solely based on the church. After the medieval time period, there was more openness about expressing joy.
How did one become and artist?
One became an artist by first becoming an apprentice for an artist. At the age of twelve they would work as an apprentice and hopefully join the workshop of their master artist. After working there as an apprentice for many years doing jobs such as sweeping, running errands, preparing wooden panels for painting and grinding and mixing pigments, the apprentice would gain skills and would learn from his master. He would draw sketches, copy paintings, cast sculptures, and assist the master in creating art works. Some students would paint the background or smaller figures in paintings while their masters painted the main picture. If a painter became a master they could have apprentices of their own and open their own workshop so they could sculpt, paint, goldsmith, be an architect and engineer.
What influence of Greek and Roman art do you see on the artists of the Renaissance?
Greek and Roman art is clearly visible as well. Artist studied the ancient architecture of the Greeks and Romans. The architecture from their ancestors helped them create building they used. The Greeks and Romans created the concept of the dome. Now, years later, Michelangelo used that very concept to create the dome over the St. Peters Basilica. From this, they also started recreating the life-sized statues.
What was the relationship between an artist and a patron?
Artists were paid to produce exactly what the patron wanted. Without patrons artist would not be able to make a living. Wealthy patrons would pay artists to paint slef portraits as well.
What were the major types of art in the Renaissance?
Many biblical characters were portrayed in paintings and sculptures. Many of the other subject matter was Greek and Roman mythology. A new kind of paint was invented that dried slowly so it was easier for an artist to edit their paintings. Perspective, light, and architectural accuracy was important for artists.
How did the art made for the Church or the popes differ from art produced for a private patron?
Art for the Church was mostly altarpieces and paintings of religious figures commissioned by Popes. Art produced for a private patron could have been a portrait, landscape, or other painting with humanistic views.
Life of Michelangelo
Michelangelo was born Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simon. He was born March 6, 1475 in Caprese near Arezzo, Tuscany. Michelangelo was raised in Florence. His mom died when he was seven years old. After his mom died, Michelangelo moved with a stonecutter and his wife, where his dad owned a marble quarry and a small farm. Michelangelo's father sent him to grammar school, but Michelangelo had no interest in that field. When Michelangelo made this decision, he started studying under a sculptor named Bertoldo di Giovanni. This is where Michelangelo got his start at the arts of the Renaissance. After Bertoldo, Michelangelo was apprenticed under a painter named Domenico Ghirlandaio.
The Pieta
He created the Pieta in November 1497, which was commissioned by a French ambassador in the Holy See. It was made using a slab of marble and a chisel. Its current location is in New York. It is a sculpture of the Virgin holding the already crucified Jesus. During the relocating of the Pieta, four fingers broke off and wee restored.
When was David Made
Who commisioned david
The Wool Cloth Guild of Florence
describe david in great detail
David is tense because Michelangelo's depiction is of him before his battle with Goliath. His left hand is holding a slingshot while his right hand holds a rock. He is well built and this. His hair is curly and his torso=2 0is very strong. His hands seem oversized compared to the rest of his body. It is made of marble and is presently in Florence, Galleria dell'Academia
Why is Leonardo da Vinci considered to have been a genius?
Leonardo's genius lies in the connections that he saw between all subjects. He connected science, art and technology and, thus, when he learned about one, he was able to apply his knowledge to the others. Leonardo is awesome in today's society due to his mastery of such a diverse plethora of fields. He was a man before his time, conceptualizing over 50 inventions and fathering multiple sciences, (ex. Embryology).
What is a "Renaissance Man" and would Da Vinci be considered a Renaissance man?
A renaissance man is a man with talent, interest, and action, in multiple fields. Leonardo is the ideal model of the Renaissance man. His talents were diverse and plentiful and he was accomplished in multiple fields. His achievements were plentiful and his discoveries equaled them. One woman said of him "The scope and depth of his interests were without precedent...His mind and personality seem to us superhuman, the man himself mysterious and remote"
Why were his paintings so celebrated and where did he acquire his knowledge?
Leonardo's work was unique because he invented new techniques to create an unprecedentedly realistic painting. He created his own type of paint, and his own method of putting it on the canvas. He used his expertise in anatomy, light, botany and geology to portray the most exact replication of objects that he saw. To make his paintings attractive to the human eye, Da Vinci used his knowledge of physiognomy and the method by which humans register emotion. He also used his research on the human form, (the vitruvian man) shading techniques, and his discovery of the representation of perspective. Da vinci was mainly self- taught, though he did apprentice renaissance artist Andrea Verrocchio in Florentine, and may have learned some basic techniques from him.
What were da vincis areas of interest
science mathematics, engineering, inventions, anatomy, painting, sculpting, architecture, botany, music, and writing.
how did da vinci''s knowlege of mathematics and engineering enhance his artwork
He used math concepts such as linear perspective, proportion, and geometry in much of his artwork. In The Last Supper, da Vinci paid special attention to proportion in seating the characters around the table. He also used linear perspective to make the painting appear to be an extension of the room itself. The Virgin of the Rocks, another famous piece, incorporates geometry, as the four characters are arranged in a triangle.
What was the handwriting method invented by da Vinci and why did he write this way?
He wrote Italian in a special kind of shorthand he invented himself. He used "mirror writing", starting at the right side of the page and moving to the left. Contemporaries of da Vinci say he was left-handed, which was highly unusual, as most people were superstitious. Several theories surround Da Vinci's unique writing method, which include: he was trying to make it harder for people to steal his ideas, he was hiding ideas from the Roman Catholic Church, and he was preventing "smudging" in his writings
davinci's inventions
parachute, -Flying machine
How did he come up with his inventions? Why were so many of his inventions in the field of weaponry and warfare?
Da Vinci devoted his life to furthering his knowledge in as many subjects as he could and then improving upon the technology of said subjects. He did not get his ideas by any method other than learning all there was to know on an aspect of technology, and then spend any number of hours sketching and theorizing on how to make it better.