12 terms

Period 3 Flashcards: 1754 - 1800

Why 1754 - 1800 was chosen as the dates for period 3
This time period represents the end of the 7 Years' War through the first two presidential administrations (Washington and Adams)
Impact of 7 Years' War
France was removed from North America; Great Britain was in massive debt, began to consolidate control over colonies - taxes; many colonists resisted
Common Sense
Written by T-Paine, and Enlightenment thinker. Urged that it was "Common Sense" that colonies should break away from Great Britain
Declaration of Independence
Inspired by Common Sense and Enlightenment ideals; inspired France and countries in Latin America to experience revolutions
Reasons for Patriot Victory in Revolutionary War
Colonists' familiarity with the land; political and military leadership (Washington); ideological commitment (Natural Rights); Support from European Allies (France after Saratoga)
Northwest Land Ordinance
Passed under Articles - banned slavery in NW territory (OH, MI, IN, etc.); created a process for admitting new states (60,000 inhabitants)
Articles of Confederation
First governing document of US - created a WEAK central government; issues with trade - different currencies in each state, tariffs on goods traded between states
Replaced the Articles - series of compromises (Great, 3/5, Slave Trade); provided limits on federal power (separation of powers); did not address problems of slavery
Washington's Farewell Address
Warned of entangling foreign alliances and political parties; helped inspire foreign policy until after WWII
Republican Motherhood
Expectation that women would instill Republican values in children and be active in families; helped increase education for women
Bill of Rights
Added AFTER the Constitutional Convention; created to gain support of anti-Federalists; guaranteed rights of individuals
White-Indian Conflicts after 7 Years' War
Due to encroachment on Native lands; Pontiac's Rebellion led to the Proclamation Line of 1763