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Period 4 Flashcards (1800 - 1848)

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Why 1800 - 1848 was chosen as the dates for period 4
Beginning with Jefferson's presidency (Revolution of 1800), ending with the Seneca Falls Convention and Mexican American War
Federalists
Political Party led by Hamilton - pro-British; supported by the wealthy; pro-merchants and trade; Favored the National Bank (BUS); loose interpretation
Democratic-Republicans
Political Party led by Jefferson - pro-French; supported by middle-class and farmers; pro-agriculture; against the BUS; strict interpretation
Democrats
Party led by Jackson - "Common Man"; pro states' rights; against the BUS
Whigs
Political Party led by Henry Clay! Favored the BUS and the American System; strong legislative branch; against "King Andrew I"
Supreme Court Decisions during this time (Think Marshall Court)
Asserted federal power of states (McCulloch v. Maryland, Gibbons v. Ogden); judicial branch determined the meaning of Constitution (Marbury v. Madison)
Second Great Awakening
Inspired many to achieve perfection on earth; helped influence reform movements (abolitionism, women's rights, temperance, etc.)
Xenophobia
Fear of foreigners - helped give rise to a nativist movement that was Anti-Catholic
American System
Henry Clay's! idea to unify the economy through: BUS, internal improvements, and tariffs. More successful in unifying the North and Midwest than South
Market Revolution
Drastic changes in transportation (canals, RRs), communication (telegraph), and the production of goods (more in factories as opposed to houses)
Missouri Compromise (Compromise of 1820)
Temporary truce over slavery issue, 3 parts: MO added as a slave state, ME added as a free state, above 36°30' line = free, below = slave
Louisiana Purchase
Doubled size of US, opened up land for expansion; Jefferson changed interpretation from strict to loose
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