Irony is saying one thing when the opposite is actually meant.
- Irony can be used, much like a pun, to create humour. Ironic statements engage the reader and make them think about the expectations of certain statements.
- For example, 'Water, Water, Everywhere, Nor Any Drop To Drink' ('The Rime of the Ancient Mariner' by Samuel Taylor Coleridge). This is situational irony as there is water everywhere, which is presumed to be drinkable, but he says there isn't a drop to drink (opposing the assumption).