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Head and Neck Anatomy

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What are the 11 regions of the head?
Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, Zygomatic, Infraorbital, Occipital, Orbiral, Nasal, Oral, Buccal, Mental
What bone forms the forehead?
Frontal Bone
What bone forms the back and base of the cranium?
Occipital Bone
What bones forms the cheek?
Zygomatic Bone
What bones form the upper jaw and hard palate?
Maxillary Bone
What is the only moveable bone in the skull?
Mandible
Where is the mental foramen located?
On the facial surface on the left and right between the apices of the first and second mandibular premolars.
What is the difference between the teeth of males and females?
Female- small, with rounded incisal edge. Male- larger and are squared incisally
What are the two basic types of movement by the TMJ?
1) a hinge action and 2) a gliding movement
What symptoms might a patient with a TMD have?
Pain, Joint Sounds, Limitations in movement
Which cranial nerve innervates all muscles of mastication?
trigeminal
What is the name of the horseshoe
-shaped bone at which the muscles of the tongue and the floor of the mouth attach?
Hyoid Bone
Which of the major salivary glands is the largest?
Parotid salivary gland
What is another name of the parotid duct?
Stensen's duct
What artery is behind the ramus and branches into five arteries?
Mandibular Artery
What artery supplies the maxillary molars and premolars and the gingivae?
Posterior superior alveolar artery
How many pairs of cranial nerves are connected to the brain?
12
Which divison of the trigeminal nerve subdivides into the buccal, lingual, and inferior alveolar nerves?
Mandibular Division
During what type of dental examination are lymph nodes palpated?
extra oral examination
What is the term for enlarged or palpated lymph nodes?
lymphadenopathy