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Famous Men of Rome - The Empire - 16-20 Facts to Know

Memoria Press
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**Julius Caesar
Roman orator, scholar, statesman, soldier

conquered Gaul and then crossed the Rubicon
Gaul
France; place of Caesar's first great battle
**Veni, vidi, vici
Caesar's message after victory at Zela
"I came, I saw, I conquered"
**Cleopatra
the Queen of Egypt who charmed Caesar and married Mark Antony
**Ides of March
March 15th; day Caesar was assassinated
**Brutus
Caesar's protege and friend; one of the assassins
Mark Antony
notable Roman; famously gave Caesar's funeral oration
Cicero
greatest orator of history; Roman consul
Sergius Catiline
instigated conspiracy to overthrow government
Fulvia
informed Cicero of Catiline's plot
**Triumvirate
three-man ruling body
(Latin: tri-three, vir-man)
**Catiline conspiracy
conspiracy attacked by Cicero
**Empire
A superstate consisting of the core state and the states it has conquered
**naumachia
mock sea battle
**colossal
of immense size
**amphi
on both sides
**sacred
holy
**Horace, Virgil, Ovid, Varius
four Augustan poets
**Livy
Roman historian
**The Aeneid
Rome's national epic, written by Virgil
tells of Trojan hero Aeneas
**Praetorian Guard
elite soldiers who guarded the emperor
Nero
cruel emperor; "fiddled while Rome burned"
Agrippina
mother of Nero; wanted to rule Rome
Britannicus
Nero's stepbrother; true heir to throne
Locusta
made poisons for Roman buyers
**Golden House
Nero's extravagant palace built after fire
Galba
Roman governor of Spain; replaced Nero
Seneca
Nero's tutor accused of plotting against him
Titus
called "Delight of Mankind"; kind emperor
**Colosseum
Flavian Amphitheater
Baths of Titus
spendid baths used by wealthy citizens
Pompeii and Herculaneum
cities destroyed by eruption of Mt. Vesuvius
Pliny the Younger
famous Roman author; wrote about eruption