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**Julius Caesar

Roman orator, scholar, statesman, soldier

conquered Gaul and then crossed the Rubicon


France; place of Caesar's first great battle

**Veni, vidi, vici

Caesar's message after victory at Zela
"I came, I saw, I conquered"


the Queen of Egypt who charmed Caesar and married Mark Antony

**Ides of March

March 15th; day Caesar was assassinated


Caesar's protege and friend; one of the assassins

Mark Antony

notable Roman; famously gave Caesar's funeral oration


greatest orator of history; Roman consul

Sergius Catiline

instigated conspiracy to overthrow government


informed Cicero of Catiline's plot


three-man ruling body
(Latin: tri-three, vir-man)

**Catiline conspiracy

conspiracy attacked by Cicero


A superstate consisting of the core state and the states it has conquered


mock sea battle


of immense size


on both sides



**Horace, Virgil, Ovid, Varius

four Augustan poets


Roman historian

**The Aeneid

Rome's national epic, written by Virgil
tells of Trojan hero Aeneas

**Praetorian Guard

elite soldiers who guarded the emperor


cruel emperor; "fiddled while Rome burned"


mother of Nero; wanted to rule Rome


Nero's stepbrother; true heir to throne


made poisons for Roman buyers

**Golden House

Nero's extravagant palace built after fire


Roman governor of Spain; replaced Nero


Nero's tutor accused of plotting against him


called "Delight of Mankind"; kind emperor


Flavian Amphitheater

Baths of Titus

spendid baths used by wealthy citizens

Pompeii and Herculaneum

cities destroyed by eruption of Mt. Vesuvius

Pliny the Younger

famous Roman author; wrote about eruption

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