Nationalism and Sectionalism

Terms in this set (50)

somewhat of a misnomer; serious issues divided the nation.
1. Emerging sectionalism (east, west and south)
2. Tariff issue (east and south opposed; west in favor)
3. Internal improvements (east and south opposed; west in favor)
4. BUS: west and south opposed; eastern bankers in favor
5. Sale of public lands (east opposed; west and south in favor)
6. Panic of 1819 caused western hostility toward eastern bankers.
7. Issue of slavery in Missouri created increased sectionalism (north
vs. south); resolved by Missouri Compromise of 1820
8. Republican party enjoying 1-party rule began developing factions eventually leading to the 2nd Party System in the 1830s.
-- Clay, Calhoun, Jackson, John Quincy Adams

James Monroe elected President in 1816
1. Continued Virginia dynasty (4 of first 5 U.S. presidents were Virginian; 32 of first 36 yrs)
2. Death of Federalist party resulted after the election.
a. Federalist liabilities
i. "Disloyalty" during the War of 1812
ii. Extremely sectional regarding the interests of New England
iii. Jefferson had adopted many of their most important ideas
(e.g. Hamilton's financial plan, expansion, loose construction in certain cases)
b. Ironically, Federalists reversed many of their initial positions
i. Originally nationalistic; now opposed to Republican nationalism
ii. Became strict constructionists especially regarding internal improvements

a term coined by a newspaper writer following Monroe on his 1817 inspection tour of military bases

lasted from 1817 to 1823 during the Monroe presidency. During the era, party rivalry diminished and a confident spirit of postwar nationalism pervaded the nation.