15 terms

Period 7 Flashcards (1890 - 1945)

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Why 1890 - 1945 was chosen as the dates for period 7
1890 begins with the "closing" of the frontier and 1945 marks the end of WWII
"Closing" of the Frontier
Frederick Jackson Turner's Frontier Thesis argued the frontier was "closed." Led many Americans to call for overseas expansion
Progressive Era
1890 - 1920, Progressives tended to be women, middle class, and live in urban areas. Progressives sought to use government influence to solve societal problems.
Transition from Rural to Urban Society
US society adjusted as more people moved to cities - 1920 census - more people live in cities than rural areas
Harlem Renaissance
Celebration of African American culture through music, poetry, and writing. Key people - Langston Hughes, Claude Monet, Zora Neale Hurston
World War I
US entrance in 1917. US played a relatively minor role in the war, but large role in postwar negotiations.
Treaty of Versailles and League of Nations
Treaty that ended WWI; League led to debates over the role of the US in the world; ultimately, the US did NOT join the League
Great Migration
Mass movement of African Americans from the South to the North during WWI for economic opportunities
Red Scare
Fear of Communism after WWI, caused by: Russian Revolution, labor strikes post WWI, nativism; led to a crackdown on immigrants and radicals (suppression of rights)
Restrictive Immigration Quotas
1921 and 1924 acts that severely limited immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe ("New immigrants")
Great Depression
Worst financial crisis in US history, led to calls for the creation of a stronger financial regulatory system
New Deal
Drew on ideas from the Progressive Era, sought to address causes of the Depression; faced opposition by the left and right; left a legacy of reforms that are still around today
World War II
US remained neutral until Pearl Harbor; US and Allies won due to: political and military cooperation, industrial production, and scientific advancements; US emerged as a world power
Japanese Internment
Japanese and Japanese Americans were placed in camps beginning in 1942; upheld by Korematsu v. US
Decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan
Many reasons - save American lives, end the war quickly, etc.; raised questions about American values