15 terms

Period 8 Flashcards (1945 - 1980)

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Why 1945 - 1980 was chosen as the dates for period 8
1945 = End of WWI/Beginning of the Cold War; 1980 = election of Ronald Reagan, conservative movement
Containment
Coined by George Kennan; urged the US to keep communism from spreading (Contain communism)
Korean War
Example of Containment; US sided with South Korea against communist North Korea; some minor domestic opposition to the war
Military-Industrial Complex
Eisenhower warned of a drastic military buildup in his farewell address
Baby Boom
Post WWII drastic increase in births in the US (1946 - 1964); led to future issues with Social Security
Suburbanization
More and more Americans moved to suburbs after WWII (cars, Interstate Highway System, Levittown)
Civil Rights Activists
Used various techniques (sit-ins, legal challenges, etc.); post-1965, debates emerged over the proper role of activists
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 Supreme Court Case that ruled separate facilities based on race inherently unequal. Reversed Plessy v. Ferguson
Sunbelt
VA to FL, extending to CA; saw a large population increase after WWII and rise of key industries
Great Society
LBJ's platform; increased the size and involvement of the government in society. Extension of New Deal programs and Civil Rights (24th amendment, Civil Rights Act of 1964.)
Immigration Laws of 1965
Reversed discriminatory quotas acts from the 1920s; favored immigrants from Latin America and Asia
Vietnam War
US aided the South (non-communist); led to sizeable, passionate, and sometimes violent protests, especially as the war went on
Counterculture
"Hippies" - protested Vietnam War; rejected many ideas of their parents' generation; used marijuana; helped start a sexual revolution
Détente
Easing of Cold War tensions between the US and Soviet Union (Examples include: SALT I and Salt II)
Environmental Problems
Brought to the attention of the public by Rachel Carson and Silent Spring; helped lead to the creation of the EPA and Clean Air Act