12 terms

Period 9 Flashcards (1980 - Present)

Why 1980 - Present was chosen as the dates for period 9
1980 = election of Ronald Reagan, conservative movement through present day (including war on terrorism)
Foreign Policy "failures"
Helped lead to public distrust in government; example is Iran Hostage Crisis
Taxation and deregulation as victories for conservatives
Tax rates decreased under Ronald Reagan and government regulation of businesses decreased as well
Denouncing "Big Government"
Reagan criticized the growth of the federal government over the previous years (Great Society)
Reagan Administration
Elected in 1980, focused on denouncing "Big Government", decreasing taxes, increased military spending
Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet leader that saw improved relations with Reagan, instituted glasnost and perestroika which helped lead to the downfall of the Soviet Union
Bellicose Rhetoric
Early in his administration, Reagan used aggressive words towards the Soviet Union: "Evil Empire"
9/11 Attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon
Led to the war in Afghanistan, increased US involvement in the Middle East
Conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq
Afghanistan - response to 9/11; Iraq - concerns over WMDs and terrorism (no WMDs were found); both resulted in prolonged wars
War on terrorism
Response to 9/11, US would actively fight terrorism throughout the world
Free Trade Agreements
Goal is to increase trade among countries by reducing tariffs (NAFTA - no tariffs between US, Canada, and Mexico)
Concerns Over Climate Change
Continuing of the environmental movement of the 1960s and 1970s. Debates over sources of energy