185 terms

Texas Transportation Code Study Set

Texas Transportation Code
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Stopping/Standing/Parking outside a business/residence district
May not leave vehicle on main traveled part of highway, unless: getting car off main part is not practicable, highway is unobstructed with vehicle present, vehicle is in clear view for 200 feet.
An operator may not stop, stand, park in certain places:
on the roadway side of a vehicle stopped/parked at the edge/curb of a street (double parking)
An operator may not stop, stand, park in certain places:
on a bridge or elevated structure on a highway or in a highway tunnel
An operator may not stop, stand, park in certain places:
on a railroad track
An operator may not stop, stand, park in certain places, except when picking up/discharging a passenger:
in front of a public/private driveway
An operator may not stop, stand, park in certain places, except when picking up/discharging a passenger:
within 15 feet of a fire hydrant
An operator may not stop, stand, park in certain places, except when picking up/discharging a passenger:
within 20 feet of a crosswalk
An operator may not stop, stand, park in certain places, except when picking up/discharging a passenger:
within 30 feet of a traffic-control signal
An operator may not stop, stand, park in certain places, except when picking up/discharging a passenger:
within 20 feet of the driveway entrance to a fire station, and 75 feet from the side opposite the entrance
Within 18 inches of the curb with the right-hand wheels parallel to the curb
When stopping or parking on a two way roadway
Moving the vehicle of another, unlawful parking
A person may not move a vehicle that is not lawfully under the person's control
Removal of Unlawfully stopped vehicle
unattended on a bridge, viaduct, or causeway or in a tube/tunnel
Removal of Unlawfully stopped vehicle
unlawfully parked and blocking the entrance to a private driveway
Removal of Personal Property from Roadway Right-of-Way
An authority or a law enforcement agency may remove personal property from a roadway or right-of-way if the authority or LE agency determines that the property blocks the roadway or endangers public safety
Overnight Parking of Commercial Motor Vehicle in or Near Residential Subdivision
Residential subdivision is in a country with at least 220,000 population, can't park a commercial MV between hours of 10PM and 6AM
Maximum Speed Requirement
An operator may not drive at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the circumstances then existing.
30 miles per hour
In an urban district on a street other than an alley
15 miles per hour
In an alley
70 miles per hour (daytime)
On a highway numbered by this state of the United States outside an urban district, including farm-to-market or ranch-to-market roads
65 miles per hour (nighttime)
On a highway numbered by this state of the United States outside an urban district, including farm-to-market or ranch-to-market roads
60 miles per hour
Outside an urban district if the speed limit is not otherwise specified
60 miles per hour (outside urban district)
School bus that passed the commercial vehicle inspection and traveling on a numbered highway
50 miles per hour (outside urban district)
school bus that has not passed commercial vehicle inspection or traveling on a highway not numbered by this state or the US
60 miles per hour (daytime, outside urban district)
If vehicle is a truck, other than a light truck, or has any kind of trailer
55 miles per hour (nighttime outside urban district)
If vehicle is a truck, other than a light truck, or has any kind of trailer
35 miles per hour
Speed limit of a motor-driven cycle at night unless the cycle is equipped with a headlamp or lamps that reveal a person/vehicle 300 feet ahead
10 miles per hour
Speed limit of a vehicle equipped with solid rubber or cushion tires
Minimum speed regulations
an operator may not drive so slowly as to impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, except when reduced speed is necessary for safe operation or in compliance with law
Speed limit exception for emergencies/Municipal Regulation
Authorized emergency vehicle responding to a call
Speed limit exception for emergencies/Municipal Regulation
police patrol
Speed limit exception for emergencies/Municipal Regulation
a physician/ambulance responding to an emergency call
An ambulance
A municipality by ordinance may regulate the speed of:
an emergency medical services vehicle
A municipality by ordinance may regulate the speed of:
an authorized vehicle operated by a blood or tissue bank
A municipality by ordinance may regulate the speed of:
Persons
means an individual, firm, partnership, association, or corporation.
Persons
means an individual, organization, or entity but does not include this state or an agency of this state
Persons
means an individual, partnership, firm, corporation, association, or other private entity.
Persons
means an individual, firm, partnership, association, or corporation.
Motor Carrier
means an individual, association, corporation, or other legal entity that controls, operates, or directs the operation of one or more vehicles that transport persons or cargo over a road or highway in this state.
Operator
includes a reference to the vehicle operated by the operator if the reference imposes a duty or provides a limitation on the movement or other operation of that vehicle.
Owner
(A) the person who holds legal title to a motor vehicle; (B) the purchaser or lessee of a motor vehicle subject to an agreement for the conditional sale or lease of the vehicle, if the person has:(i) the right to purchase the vehicle on performing conditions stated in the agreement; and (ii) an immediate right to possess the vehicle; or (C) a mortgagor of a motor vehicle who is entitled to possession of the vehicle.
Pedestrian
means a person on foot.
School Crossing Guard
means a responsible person who is at least 18 years of age and is designated by a local authority to direct traffic in a school crossing zone for the protection of children going to or leaving a school.
Department
means the Department of Public Safety acting directly or through its authorized officers and agents.
Director
means the public safety director.
Local Authority
(A) a county, municipality, or other local entity
authorized to enact traffic laws under the laws of this state; or
(B) a school district created under the laws of
this state only when it is designating school crossing guards for schools operated by the district.
Police Officer
means an officer authorized to direct traffic or arrest persons who violate traffic regulations.
State
has the meaning assigned by Section 311.005, Government Code(when referring to a part of the United States, includes any state, district, commonwealth, territory, and insular possession of the United States and any area subject to the legislative authority of the United States of America), and includes a province of Canada.
Property Areas/Metropolitan Areas
means an area that:(1) contains at least one municipality with a population of at least 100,000; and (2) includes the adjacent municipalities and unincorporated urban districts. (Austin is one)
Residence Districts
means the territory, other than a business district, adjacent to and including a highway, if at least 300 feet of the highway frontage is primarily improved with: (A) residences; or (B) buildings used for business purposes and residences.
Personal Injury
means an injury to any part of the human body and that requires treatment.
Non Resident
means a person who is not a resident of this state.
Sec. 547.002. APPLICABILITY.
Unless a provision is specifically made applicable, this chapter and the rules of the department adopted under this chapter do not apply to: (1) an implement of husbandry; (2) road machinery; 3) a road roller; (4) a farm tractor;(5) a bicycle, a bicyclist, or bicycle equipment; (6) an electric bicycle, an electric bicyclist, or electric bicycle equipment; or (7) a golf cart that is operated only as authorized by Section 551.403.
Sec. 547.004. GENERAL OFFENSES.
(a) A person commits an offense that is a misdemeanor if the person operates or moves or, as an owner, knowingly permits another to operate or move, a vehicle that: (1) is unsafe so as to endanger a person; (2) is not equipped in a manner that complies with the vehicle equipment standards and requirements established by this chapter; or (3) is equipped in a manner prohibited by this chapter. (b) A person commits an offense that is a misdemeanor if the person operates a vehicle equipped with an item of vehicle equipment that the person knows has been determined in a compliance proceeding under Section 547.206 to not comply with a department standard. (c) A court may dismiss a charge brought under this section if the defendant: (1) remedies the defect before the defendant's first court appearance; and (2) pays an administrative fee not to exceed $10. (d) Subsection (c) does not apply to an offense involving a commercial motor vehicle.
Sec. 547.005. OFFENSE RELATING TO VIOLATION OF SPECIAL-USE PROVISIONS.
a) A person may not use a slow-moving-vehicle emblem on a stationary object or a vehicle other than a slow-moving vehicle.

(b) A person may not operate a motor vehicle bearing the words "school bus" unless the vehicle is used primarily to transport persons to or from school or a school-related activity. In this subsection, "school" means a privately or publicly supported elementary or secondary school, day-care center, preschool, or institution of higher education and includes a church if the church is engaged in providing formal education.
Sec. 547.302. DUTY TO DISPLAY LIGHTS
(a) A vehicle shall display each lighted lamp and illuminating device required by this chapter to be on the vehicle:

(1) at nighttime; and

(2) when light is insufficient or atmospheric conditions are unfavorable so that a person or vehicle on the highway is not clearly discernible at a distance of 1,000 feet ahead.

(b) A signaling device, including a stoplamp or a turn signal lamp, shall be lighted as prescribed by this chapter.

(c) At least one lighted lamp shall be displayed on each side of the front of a motor vehicle.

(d) Not more than four of the following may be lighted at one time on the front of a motor vehicle:

(1) a headlamp required by this chapter; or

(2) a lamp, including an auxiliary lamp or spotlamp, that projects a beam with an intensity brighter than 300 candlepower.
Sec. 547.303. COLOR REQUIREMENTS.
(a) Unless expressly provided otherwise, a lighting device or reflector mounted on the rear of a vehicle must be or reflect red.

(b) A signaling device mounted on the rear of a vehicle may be red, amber, or yellow.
Sec. 547.304. APPLICABILITY.
(a) A provision of this chapter that requires a vehicle to be equipped with fixed electric lights does not apply to a farm trailer or fertilizer trailer registered under Section 504.504 or a boat trailer with a gross weight of 3,000 pounds or less if the trailer is not operated at a time or under a condition specified by Section 547.302(a).

(b) Except for Sections 547.323 and 547.324, a provision of this chapter that requires a vehicle to be equipped with fixed electric lights does not apply to a boat trailer with a gross weight of less than 4,500 pounds if the trailer is not operated at a time or under a condition specified by Section 547.302(a).

(c) Except for Sections 547.323 and 547.324, a provision of this chapter that requires a vehicle to be equipped with lamps, reflectors, and lighting equipment does not apply to a mobile home if the mobile home:

(1) is moved under a permit issued by the Texas Department of Transportation under Subchapter D, Chapter 623; and

(2) is not moved at a time or under a condition specified by Section 547.302(a).

(d) A mobile home lighted as provided by this section may be moved only during daytime.
Sec. 547.305. RESTRICTIONS ON USE OF LIGHTS.
(a) A motor vehicle lamp or illuminating device, other than a headlamp, spotlamp, auxiliary lamp, turn signal lamp, or emergency vehicle or school bus warning lamp, that projects a beam with an intensity brighter than 300 candlepower shall be directed so that no part of the high-intensity portion of the beam strikes the roadway at a distance of more than 75 feet from the vehicle.

(b) Except as expressly authorized by law, a person may not operate or move equipment or a vehicle, other than a police vehicle, with a lamp or device that displays a red light visible from directly in front of the center of the equipment or vehicle.

(c) A person may not operate a motor vehicle equipped with a red, white, or blue beacon, flashing, or alternating light unless the equipment is:

(1) used as specifically authorized by this chapter; or

(2) a running lamp, headlamp, taillamp, backup lamp, or turn signal lamp that is used as authorized by law.

(d) A vehicle may be equipped with alternately flashing lighting equipment described by Section 547.701 or 547.702 only if the vehicle is:

(1) a school bus;

(2) an authorized emergency vehicle;

(3) a church bus that has the words "church bus" printed on the front and rear of the bus so as to be clearly discernable to other vehicle operators;

(4) a tow truck while under the direction of a law enforcement officer at the scene of an accident or while hooking up to a disabled vehicle on a roadway; or

(5) a tow truck with a mounted light bar which has turn signals and stop lamps in addition to those required by Sections 547.322, 547.323, and 547.324, Transportation Code.

(e) A person may not operate highway maintenance or service equipment, including snow-removal equipment, that is not equipped with lamps or that does not display lighted lamps as required by the standards and specifications adopted by the Texas Department of Transportation.

(f) In this section "tow truck" means a motor vehicle or mechanical device that is adapted or used to tow, winch, or move a disabled vehicle.
Sec. 547.3215. USE OF FEDERAL STANDARD.
Unless specifically prohibited by this chapter, lighting, reflective devices, and associated equipment on a vehicle or motor vehicle must comply with:

(1) the current federal standards in 49 C.F.R. Section 571.108; or

(2) the federal standards in that section in effect, if any, at the time the vehicle or motor vehicle was manufactured.
Sec. 547.321. HEADLAMPS REQUIRED.
(a) A motor vehicle shall be equipped with at least two headlamps.

(b) At least one headlamp shall be mounted on each side of the front of the vehicle.

(c) Each headlamp shall be mounted at a height from 24 to 54 inches.
Sec. 547.322. TAILLAMPS REQUIRED.
(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, pole trailer, or vehicle that is towed at the end of a combination of vehicles shall be equipped with at least two taillamps.

(b) A passenger car or truck that was manufactured or assembled before the model year 1960 shall be equipped with at least one taillamp.

(c) Taillamps shall be mounted on the rear of the vehicle:

(1) at a height from 15 to 72 inches; and

(2) at the same level and spaced as widely apart as practicable if a vehicle is equipped with more than one lamp.

(d) A taillamp shall emit a red light plainly visible at a distance of 1,000 feet from the rear of the vehicle.

(e) If vehicles are traveling in combination, only the taillamps on the rearmost vehicle are required to emit a light for the distance specified in Subsection (d).

(f) A taillamp or a separate lamp shall be constructed and mounted to emit a white light that:

(1) illuminates the rear license plate; and

(2) makes the plate clearly legible at a distance of 50 feet from the rear.

(g) A taillamp, including a separate lamp used to illuminate a rear license plate, must emit a light when a headlamp or auxiliary driving lamp is lighted.
Sec. 547.323. STOPLAMPS REQUIRED.
(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer shall be equipped with at least two stoplamps.

(b) A passenger car manufactured or assembled before the model year 1960 shall be equipped with at least one stoplamp.

(c) A stoplamp shall be mounted on the rear of the vehicle.

(d) A stoplamp shall emit a red or amber light, or a color between red and amber, that is:

(1) visible in normal sunlight at a distance of at least 300 feet from the rear of the vehicle; and

(2) displayed when the vehicle service brake is applied.

(e) If vehicles are traveling in combination, only the stoplamps on the rearmost vehicle are required to emit a light for the distance specified in Subsection (d).

(f) A stoplamp may be included as a part of another rear lamp.
Sec. 547.324. TURN SIGNAL LAMPS REQUIRED.
(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer shall be equipped with electric turn signal lamps that indicate the operator's intent to turn by displaying flashing lights to the front and rear of a vehicle or combination of vehicles and on that side of the vehicle or combination toward which the turn is to be made.

(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to a passenger car or truck less than 80 inches wide manufactured or assembled before the model year 1960.

(c) Turn signal lamps:

(1) shall be mounted at the same level and spaced as widely apart as practicable on the front and on the rear of the vehicle; and

(2) may be included as a part of another lamp on the vehicle.

(d) A turn signal lamp shall emit:

(1) a white or amber light, or a color between white and amber, if the lamp is mounted on the front of the vehicle; or

(2) a red or amber light, or a color between red and amber, if the lamp is mounted on the rear of the vehicle.

(e) A turn signal lamp must be visible in normal sunlight at a distance of:

(1) at least 500 feet from the front and rear of the vehicle if the vehicle is at least 80 inches wide; and

(2) at least 300 feet from the front and rear of the vehicle if the vehicle is less than 80 inches wide.
Turning at intersection. 545.101
Turning right must approach and turn as closely practical to right-hand curb or edge of roadway. Turning left, enter intersection in left most lane, make the left and enter a lane lawfully available. When turning left from a one-way street to another one-way street turn a close as practically possible to the left hand curb.
Turning on Curve or Crest of grade. 545.102
When making a u-turn the operator may not make the turn if his vehicle is not visible from 500 feet in either direction to an operator of an approaching vehicle.
Safely Turning 545.103
Can not turn vehicle to enter a private road or driveway, otherwise turn the vehicle from a direct course , or move right or left on a roadway unless movement can be made safely.
Signaling turns: use of turn signals 545.104
operator shall use signal to indicate an intention to turn,change lanes, or start from parked position. operator intending to turn left or right shall signal continuously for not less than 100 feet before the turn of the vehicle.
Signal Stops 545.105
operator may not stop or suddenly decrease the speed of the vehicle without first giving a stop signal when there is an opportunity to do so.
Signals by hand or Lamp 545.106
Operator must signal either by using the hand and arm or lighting the signal lamps.
Method of giving hand arm signals 545.107
Hand signal shall be made from left side of vehicle. left turn arm is extend out horizontally, right turn arm extended out and up, and to stop arm out and hand pointing down.
Emergency Vehicles
Fire Department or Police Vehicle. Public or private ambulance. Private vehicle of a volunteer firefighter.
Bicycle
A device that a person may ride and that is propelled by human power with 2 wheels which is more than 14 inches in diameter.
Bus
Motor vehicle to transport more than 10 passengers including the operator.
Farm Tractor
Motor vehicle designed for farming and husbandry including plow or mowing machine
House Trailor
Trailer or semi-trailer other than a towable RV and is less than 40 feet in length
Implement of Husbandry
vehicle other than a passenger car or truck that is designed for farming
Light Truck
A truck including a Pickup truck with a carrying capacity of 2000 pounds or less
Moped
Motor driven cycle that goes less than 30 mph and engine has 50 cc or less displacement and doesn't require shifting of the gears.
Motorcylcle
Vehicle equiped with a saddle and not more than 3 wheels on the ground.
Motor-driven cycle
Has engine displacement 250 cc or less
Motor vehicle
Self propelled vehicle or electric vehicle powered by overhead trolley wires.
Multifunction School activity bus
Used to transport students on a school related activity trip other than on routes to and from school. This term does not include a school bus.
Passenger Car
Vehicle other than a motorcycle to transport 10 or fewer passengers including the operator.
Pole Trailor
A vehicle without motive power. Drawn by another vehicle and secured to the other vehicle by a pole.
Police Vehicle
Vehicle used by a Peace officer.
Road Tractor
Vehicle designed and used to draw another vehicle but not constructed to carry a load independently or a part of the weight of the other vehicles load.
School Activity Bus
A bus designed to accommodate more than 15 passengers including the operator to and from school activities. Term does not include a chartered bus.
School Bus
Vehicle used to transport students to or from school or on activity trips. Term does not include a chartered bus.
Semitrailer
With or without motive power other than a pole trailer. Constructed so than part of its load rest on or is carried by another vehicle.
Special Mobile Equipment
Not designed to transport passengers. Term includes Ditchdigging apparatus, road construction and maintenance machinery, ect.
Trailer
Vehicle other than a pole trailer with or without motive power. Constructed so that no part of the vehicles weight rest on the motor vehicle.
Truck
Vehicle designed to transport property.
Truck Tractor
Vehicle designed to to draw another vehicle but NOT constructed to carry a load other that a part of the weight of the other vehicle and its load.
Vehicle
A Device that can be used to transport or draw persons or property on a highway. Does not include stationary rails or tracks.
Dispose or Dump [HSC 365.011(5)]
To discharge, deposit, inject, spill, leak, or place litter on or into land or water
Illegal Dumping [HSC 365.012]
A person commits an offense if the person disposes or allows or permits the disposal of litter or other solid waste at a place that is not an approved solid waste site [Class C Misdemeanor if the litter or other solid waste is 5 lbs or less]
Litter Near Public Highway [HSC 365.034]
A Commissioner's Court may prohibit the accumulation of litter for more than 30 days on a person's property within 50 feet of a public highway; provide for the removal and disposition of litter accumulated near a public highway; provide for the assessment against a person who owns the property from which the litter is removed
Vehicles on Highway [TC 542.001]
Applies only to the operation of a vehicle on a highway
Government Vehicles [TC 542.002]
Applies to the operator of a vehicle owned or operated by the United States, this state, or a political subdivision of this state
Animals and Animal-Drawn Vehicles [TC 542.003]
A person riding an animal on a roadway or operating a vehicle drawn by an animal on a roadway has the rights and duties applicable to the operator of a vehicle
Persons and Equipment Engaged in Work on Highway Surface [TC 542.004]
Equipment engaged in work on a highway
General Rule of Uniformity [TC 542.201]
A local authority may not enact or enforce on ordinance or rule that conflicts with this subtitle
Powers of Local Authority [TC 542.202]
This subtitle does not prevent a local authority from regulating traffic; regulating stopping, standing, or parking; regulating or prohibiting a procession or assemblage on a highway
Rules on Private Property [TC 542.005]
Owner of private property may regulate or prohibit use of the property by the public for vehicular travel
Speed Restrictions on Private Roads [TC 542.006]
Subdivisions of at least 400 residents may petition the Texas Transportation Commission to extend speed restrictions
Mobility Devices [TC 542.009]
A device designed for transportation of persons with physical disabilities
General Offense [TC 542.301]
A person commits an offense if the person performs an act prohibited or fails to perform an act required
Offense by Person Owning or Controlling Vehicle [TC 542.302]
A person who owns a vehicle or employs or otherwise directs the operator of a vehicle commits an offense if the person requires or knowingly permits the operator of the vehicle to operate the vehicle in a manner that violates law
Inchoate Offense [TC 542.303]
A person who falsely, fraudulently, or wilfully permits another to violate this subtitle is guilty of the violation
General Penalty [TC 542.401]
A person convicted of an offense that is a misdemeanor under this subtitle for which another penalty is not provided shall be punished by a fine of not less than $1 or more than $200
Obedience Required to Police Officers and to School Crossing Guards [TC 542.501]
A person may not wilfully fail or refuse to comply with a lawful order or direction of a police officer or a school crossing guard
traffic
pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, and conveyances, including vehicles and streetcars, singly or together while using a higway for the purposes of travel
alley
a street that: 1) is not used primarily through traffic and 2) provides access to rear entrances of buildings or lots along a street
crosswalk
1) the portion of a roadway, including an intersection, designated as a pedestrian crossing by surface markings, including lines; or 2) the portion of a roadway at an intersection that is within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measure from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the travesrsable roadway
freeway
divided, controlled-access highway for through traffic
freeway main lane
freeway lane having an uninterrupted flow through traffic
highway or street
width between the boundary lines of a publicly maintained way any part of which is open to the public for vehicular travel
improved shoulder
paved shoulder
laned roadway
roadway that is divided into at least two clearly marked lanes for vehicular travel
limited-access or controlled-access highway
highway or roadway to which: 1) persons, including owners or occupants of abutting real property, have no right of access and, 2) access by persons to enter or exit the highway or roadway is restricted under law except at a place and in the manner determined by the authority that has jurisdiction over the highway or roadway
private road or driveway
privately owned way or place used for vehicular travel and used only by the owner and the persons who have the owner's express or implied permission
ramp
an interconnecting roadway of a traffic interchange, or a connecting roadway between highways at different levels or between parallel highways, that allows a vehicle to enter or exit a roadway
roadway
the portion of a highway, other than the berm or shoulder, that is improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. If a highway includes at least two separate roadways, the term applies to each roadway separately
safety zone
area in a roadway officially desginated for exclusive pedestrian use and that is protected or so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while so desginated
school crossing zone
reduced speed zone designated on a street by a local authority to facilitate safe crossing of the street by children going to or leaving a public or private elementary or secondary school during the time reduced speed limit applies
school crosswalk
a crosswalk designated on a street by a local authority to facilitate safe crossing of the street by children going to or leaving a public or private elementary or secondary school
shoulder
portion of the highway that is: 1) adjacent to thte roadway 2) designed or ordinarily used for parking 3) distinguished from the roadway by different design, construction, or marking, and 4) not intended for normal vehicular travel
sidewalk
portion of a street that is: 1) between a curb or lateral line of a roadway and the adjacent property line; and 2) intended for pedestrian use
through highway
highway or portion of a highway on which: 1) vehicular traffic is given preferential right-of-way; and 2) vehicular traffic entering from an intersecting highway is required by law to yield right-of-way in compliance with an official traffi-control device
intersection
the common area at the junction of two higways, other than the junction of an alley and a highway the dimensions of an intersection include only the common area: 1) within the connection of the lateral curb lines or, in the absence of curb lines, the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of intersecting highways that join at approximate right angles; or 2) ath the place where vehicles could collide if traveling on roadways of interseting highways that join at any angle other than an approxiamte right angle 3) each junction of each roadway of a highwaythat includes two roadways at least 30 feet apart with the roadway of an intersecting highway, including each roadway of an intersecting highway that includes two roadways at least 30 feet apart, is a separate intersection
official traffic control device
a sign, signal, marking, or device that is: 1) consistent with this subtitle, 2) placed or erected by a public body or officer having jurisdiction; and 3) used to regulate, warn, or guide traffic
railroad sign or signal
a sign, signal, or device ereected by a railroad, public body, or public officer to notiffy traffic of railroad tracks or an approaching railroad train
traffic-control signal
a manual, electric, or mechanical device that alternately directs traffic to stop and proceed
Sec. 521.021 License Required
A person, other than a person expressly exempted under this chapter, may not operate a motor vehicle on a highway in this state unless the person holds a driver's license issued under this chapter.
Sec. 521.027 Person Exempt from License Requirement
The following persons are exempt from the license requirement imposed under this chapter: 1) a person in the service of the state military forces or the United States while the person is operating an official motor vehicle in the scope of that service; 2) a person while the person is operating a road machine, farm tractor, or implement of husbandry on a highway, unless the vehicle is a commercial motor vehicle under Section 522.003; 3) a nonresident on active duty in the armed forces of the United States who holds a license issued by the person's state or Canadian province of residence; 4) a person who is the spouse or dependent child of a nonresident exempt under Subdivision (3) and who holds a license issued by the person's state or Canadian province of residence.
Sec. 521.029 Operation of Motor Vehicle by New State Residents
(a) A person who enters this state as a new resident may operate a motor vehicle in this state for no more than 90 days after the date on which the person enters this state if the person: (1) is 16 years of age or older; and (2) has in the person's possession a driver's license issued to the person by the person's state or country of previous residence. (b) If a person subject to this sectio nis prosecuted for operating a motor vehicle without a driver's license, the prosecution alleges that the person has resided in this state for more than 90 days, and the person claims to have been covered by Subsection (a), the person must prove by the preponderance of the evidence that the person has not resided in this state for more than 90 days.
Sec. 521.201 License Ineligibility in General
The department may not issue any license to a person who: (1) is under 15 years of age; (2) is under 18 years of age unless the person complies with the requirements imposed by Section 521.204; (3) is shown to be addicted to the use of alcohol, a controlled substance, or another drug that renders a person incapable of driving; (4) holds a driver's license issued by this state or another state or country that is revoked, canceled, or under suspension; (5) has been determined by a judgment of a court to be totally incapacitated or incapacitated to act as the operator of a motor vehicle unless the person has, by the date of the license application, been: (A) restored to capacity by judicial decree: or (B) released from a hospital for the mentally incapacitated on a certificate by the superintendent or administrator of the hospital that the person has regained capacity; (6) the department determines to be afflicted with a mental or physical disability or disease that prevents the person from exercising reasonable and ordinary control over a motor vehicle
Sec. 521.202 Ineligibility for License Based on Certain Convictions
(a) Unless the period of suspension that would have applied if the person held a license at the time of the conviction has expired, the department may not issue a license to a person convicted of an offense: (1) described by Section 49.04, 49.07, or 49.08, Penal Code; or (2) to which Section 521.342(a) applies. (b) Until the period specified in the juvenile court has expired, the department may not issue a license to a person if the department has been ordered by a juvenile court under Section 54.042, Family Code, to deny the person a license.
Sec. 521.203 Restrictions on Class A and B Licenses
The department may not issue a Class A or Class B driver's license to a person who: (1) is under 17 years of age; (2) is under 18 years of age unless the person has completed a driver training course approved by the Central Education Agency; or (3) has not provided the department with an affidavit, on a form prescribed by the department, that states that no vehicle that the person will drive that requires a Class A or Class B license is a commercial motor vehicle as defined by Section 522.003.
Sec. 521.204 Restrictions on Minor
(a) The department may issue a Class C driver's license to an applicant under 18 years of age only if the applicant: (1) is 16 years of age or older; (2) has submitted a driver education certificate that states that the person has completed and pass a driver education course; (3) has obtained a high school diploma or equivalent or is a student
Operator approaching railroad grade
Not closer than 15 or greater than 50 ft
Operator at RR crossing should remained _____until it is safe
stopped
When committing an offense under section Obedience to Signal Indicating Approach of Train
not less than $50 or greater than $200
Texas Dept. of Transportation with respect to a highway in jurisdiction may:
designate RR Xing as dangerous; erect a stop sign at grade crossing
Offense under "All Vehicles to Stop at Certain RR Xing" is
not less than $50 or greater than $200
Operator of motor bus before RR xing shall:
listen and look in both directions for a train; not proceed until it's safe; stop not closer than 15 nor greater than 50 ft.
School busses not required to stop at:
abandoned RR xing with sign reading "tracks out of service"; industrial xing with sign reading "exempt"
Operator of a vehicle moving more than 20 mph carrying explosives must:
reduce to 20 mph when coming w/in 200 ft of nearest rail; listen/look; not proceed until course is clear.
In regards to heavy equipment, Operator must ____ before move on or across a rr xing equipment or vehicle
give notice to station agent and given reasonable time to prov ide proper protection at xing
Emerging from an alley, driveway, building in buisness/residence district:
stop vehicle before moving on sidewalk, yield right of way to pedestrian, on entering roadway must yield to oncoming traffic
Gross Vehicle Weight
the weight of a vehicle and the weight of it's load
Nighttime
the period beginning one-half hour after sunset and ending one-half hourbefore sunrise
Park or Parking
to stand an occupied or unoccupied vehicle, other than temporarily while loading or unloading merchandise or passengers
Right-of-way
the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian that is approaching from a direction, at a speed, and within a proximity that could cause a collision unless one grants precedence to the other
stand or standing
to halt an occupied or unoccupied vehicle, other than temporarity while receiving or discharging passengers
stop or stopping
(A) when required, to completely cease movement; and (B) when prohibited, to halt, including momentarily halting, an occupied or unoccupied vehicle, unless necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or to comply with the directions of a police officer or a traffic control sign or signal
544.004 Compliance with traffic control device
(a) The operator of a vehicle or streetcar shall comply with an applicable official traffic-control device placed as provided by this subtitle unless the person is: (1) otherwise directed byt a traffic or police officer; or (2) operating an authorized emergency vehicle and is subject to exceptions under this subtitle. (b)A provision of this subtitle requiring an official traffic-control device may not be enforced against an alleged violation if at the time and place of the alleged violation the device is not in proper position and sufficiently legible to an ordinary observant person. A provision of this subtitle that does not require an official traffic-control device is effective regardless of whether a device is in place.
544.005 Interference with traffic-control device or railroad sign or signal
A person may not, without lawful authority, alter, injure, knock down, or remove or attempt to alter, injure, knock down, or remove: (1) ann official traffic-control device or railroad signal; (2) an inscription , shield, or insignia on an official traffic-control device or railroad sign or signal; or (3) another part of an official traffic-control device or railroad sign
544.006 Display of unauthorized signs, signals, or markings
(a) A person may not place, maintain, or display on or in view of a highway an unauthorized sign, signal, marking, or device that: (1) imitates or resembles an official traffic-control device or railroad sign or signal; (2) attempts to direct the movement of traffic; or (3) hides from view or hinders the effectiveness of an official traffic-control device or railroad sign or signal. (b)A person may not place or maintain on a highway, and a public authority may not permit on a highway, a traffic sign or signal bearing commercial advertising. (c) A person may not place or maintain a flashing light or flashing electric sign within 1,000 feet of an intersection except under a permit issued by the Texas Transportation Commission. (d) This section does not prohibit a person from placing on private property adjacent to a highway a sign that gives useful directional information and that connot be mistaken for an official sign. (e)A sign, signal, light, or marking prohibited under this section is a public nuisance. The authority with jurisdiction over the highway may remove that sign, signal, light, or marking without notice
544.007 Traffic-control signals in general
(a) A traffic-control signal displaying different colored lights or colored lighted arrows successively or in combination may display only green, yellow, or red and applies to operators of vehicles as provided by this section. (b) An operator of a vehicle facing a circular green signal may proceed straight or turn right or left uless a sign prohibits the turn. The operator shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles and to pedestrians lawfully in the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk when the signal is exhibited. (c) An operator of a vehicle facing a green arrow signal, displayed alone or with another signal, may cautiously enter the intersection to move in the direction permitted by the arrow or other indication shown simultaneously. The operator shall yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian lawfully in an adjacent crosswalk and other traffic lawfully using the intersection. (d) An operator of a vehicle facing only a steady red signal shall stop at a clearly marked stop line. In the absence of a stop line, the operator shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection. A vehicle that is not turning shall remain standing until an indication to proceed is shown. After stopping, standing until the intersection may be entered safely, and yielding the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully in an adjacent crosswalk and other traffic lawfully using the intersection, the operator may: (1) turn right; or (2) turn left, if the intersecting streets are both one-way streets and a left turn is permissible. (e) An operator of a vehicle facing a steady yellow signal is warned by that signal that: (1) movement authorized by a green signal is being terminated; or (2) a red signal is to be given. (f) The Texas Transportation Commission, a municipal authority, or the commissioners court of a county may prohibit within the entity's jurisdiction a turn by an operator of a vehicle facing a steady red signal by posting notice at the intersection that the turn is prohibited. (g) This section applies to an official traffic-control signal placed and maintained at a place other than an intersection, except for a provision that by its nature cannot apply. A required stop shall be made at a sign or marking on the pavement indicating where the stop shall be made. In the absence of such a sign or marking the stop shall be made at the signal. (h) The obligations imposed by this section apply to an operator of a streetcar in the same manner they apply to the operator of a vehicle. (i) An operator of a vehicle facing a traffic-control signal that does not display an indication in any of the signal heads shall stop as provided by section 544.010 as if the intersection had a stop sign
544.008 Flashing signal
(a) The Operator of a vehicle facing a flashing red signal shall stop at a clearly marked stop line. In the absence of a stop line, the operator shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection. In the absence of a crosswalk, the operator shall stop at the place nearest the intersecting roadway where the operator has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway. The right to proceed is subject to the rules applicable after stopping at a stop sign. (b) The operator of a vehicle facing a flashing yellow signal may proceed through an intersection or past the signal only with caution. (c) This section does not apply at a railroad crossing
544.009 Lane-direction-control-signals
If a lane-direction-control-signal is placed over an individual lane of highway, a vehicle may travel in a lane over which a green signal is shown but may not enter or travel in a lane over which a red signal is shown
544.010 Stop signs and yeild signs
(a) Unless directed to proceed by a police officer or traffic-control signal, the operator of a vehicle or streetcar approaching an intersection with a stop sign shall stop as provided by subsection (c ). (b) If safety requires, the operator of a vehicle approaching a yield sign shall stop as provided by subsection (c ). (c) An operator required to stop by this section shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection. In the absence of a crosswalk, the operator shall stop at a clearly marked stop line. In the absence of a stop line, the operator shall stop at the place nearest the intersecting roadway where the operator has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway.
544.011 Lane use signs
If, on a highway having more than one lane with vehicles traveling in the same direction, the Texas Department of Transportation or a local authority places a sign that directs slower traffic to travel in a lane other that the farthest left lane, the sign must read " left lane for passing only."
544.012 Traffic Monitoring systems
(a) In this section: (1) "Photographic traffic monitoring system" means a system that: (A) consists of a camera and vehicle sensor installed to work in conjunction with an electrically operated traffic-control signal; and (B) is capable of producing one or more recorded images that depict the license plate attached to a motor vehicle that is not operated in compliance with the instructions of the traffic-control signal. (2) "Recorded image" means an image that: (A) depicts a motor vehicle; and (B) is automatically recorded on a photograph or digital image. (b) This section applies only to a municipallity that pursuant to an ordinance of the municipality employs a photgraphic traffic monitoring system to enforce compliance with the instruction of the traffic-control signals in the municipality. (c) The municipality shall install signs along each roadway that leads to an intersection at which a photographic monitoring system is in active use. The signs must be at least 100 feet from the intersection or located according to the standards established in the manual adopted by the Texas Transportation Commission under Section 544.001, be easily readable to any operator approaching the intersection, and clearly indicate the presence of a photographic monitoring system that records violations that may result in the issuance of a notice of a violation and the imposition of monetary penalty. (d) A municipality that fails to comply with Subsection (c) may not impose or attempt to impose a civil or administrative penalty against a person, including the owner of a motor vehicle or an operator, for a failure to comply with the instructions of a traffic-control signal located at the applicable intersection. (e) Subsection (d) does not prohibit a peace officer from arresting or issuing a citation and notice to appear to a person whom the officer observes to have failed to comly with the instructions of a traffic-control signal located at the intersection.
545.051 Driving on the right side of the roadway
(a) An operator on a roadway of sufficient width shall drive on the right half of the roadway, unless: (1) the operator is passing another vehicle; (2) an obstruction necessitates moving the vehicle left of the center of the roadway and the operator yields the right-of-way to a vehicle that: (A) is moving in the proper direction on the unobstructed portion of the roadway; and (B) is an immediate hazard; (3) the operator is on a roadway divided into three marked lanes for traffic; or (4) the operator is on a roadway restricted to one-way traffic. (b) An operator of a vehicle on a roadway moving more slowly than the normal speed of other vehicles at the time and place under the existing conditions shall drive in the right-hand lane availble for vehicles, or as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway, unless the operator is: (1) passing another vehicle; or (2) preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway. (c) An operator on a roadway having four or more lanes for moving vehicles and providing for two-way movement of vehicles may not drive left of the center line of the roadway except: (1) as authorized by an official traffic-control device designating a specified lane to the left side of the center of the roadway for use by a vehicle not otherwise permitted to use the lane; (2) under the conditions described by Subsection (a)(2); or (3) in crossing the center line to make a left turn into or out of an alley, private road, or driveway.
545.052 Driving past vehicles moving in the opposite direction
An operator moving in the opposite direction of the movement of another operator shall: (1) move to or remain to the right; and (2) on the roadway wide enough for not more than one line of vehicle movement in each direction, give the other operator: (A) at least one-half of the main traveled portion of the roadway; or (B) if complying with Paragraph (A) is not possible, as much of the roadway as possible.
545.053 Passing to the left, return; being passed
(a) An Operator passing another vehicle: (1) shall pass to the left of the other vehicle at a safe distance; and (2) may not move backto the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the passed vehicle. (b) An operator being passed by another vehicle: (1) shall, on audible signal, move or remain to the right in favor of the passing vehicle; and (2) may not accelerate until completely passed by the passing vehicle. (c)Subsection (b) does not apply when passing to the right is permitted.
545.054 Passing to the left: safe distance
(a) An operator may not drive on the left side of the center of the roadway in passing another vehicle unless: (1) driving on the left side of the center of the roadway is authorized by this subtitle; and (2) the left side is clearly visible and free of approaching traffic for a distance sufficient to permit passing without interfering with the operation of the passed vehicle or a vehicle approaching from the opposite direction. (b) An operator passing another vehicle shall return to an authorized lane of travel: (1) before coming within 200 feet of an approaching vehicle, if a lane authorized for vehicles approaching from the opposite direction is used in passing; or otherwise (2) as soon as practicable
545.055 Passing to the left: passing zones
(a) An operator shall obey the directions of a sign or makring in Subsection (c ) or (d) if the sign or makring is in a place and clearly visible to an ordinarily observant person. (b) An operator may not drive on the left side of the roadway in a no-passing zone or on the left side of any pavement striping designed to mark a no-passing zone. This subsection does not prohibit a driver from crossing pavement striping. or the center line in a no-passing zone marked by signs only, to make a left turn into or out of an alley or private road or driveway. (c) The Texas Transportation Commission, on a state highway under the jurisdiction of the commission, may; (1) determine those portions of the highway where passing or driving to the left of the roadway would be especially hazardous; and (2) show the beginning and end of each no-passing zone by appropriate signs or markings on the roadway. (d) A local authority, on a highway under the jurisdiction of the local authority, may: (1) determine those portions of the highway where passing or driving to the left of the roadway would be especially hazardous; and (2) show the beginning and end of each no-passing zone by appropriate signs or markings on the roadway.
Safety Belts Offense
A person commits than offense if the person is at least 15 years of age, is riding in a passenger vehicle while the vehicle is being operated; is occupying a seat that is equipped with a safety belt; and allows a child who is younger than 17 years of age and who is not required to be secured in a child passenger safety seat system to ride in the vehicle without requiring the child to be secured by a safety belt, provided the child is occupying a seat that is equipped with a safety belt.
Auxiliary passing lamps
A motor vehicle may be equipped with no more than two auxiliary passing lamps. Mounted on front at height from 24 to 42 inches.
Auxiliary driving lamps permitted
A motor vehicle may be equipped with no more than two auxiliary driving lamps. Mounted on front at height from 16 to 42 inches.
Hazard lamps permitted
Lamps to warn other vehicle operators of a vehicular traffic hazard. Mounted same level on front and rear. Visibility 500 feet in normal sunlight. White or amber light mounted on front, and red and amber mounted on rear.
Other lamps permitted
A motor vehicle may be equipped with NOT more than two side cowl or fender lamps; amber and white light without glare. Not more than two running board courtesy lamps, one on each side of vehicle; amber and white light without glare.
Multiple-beam lighting required
A combination of lamps mounted on a motor vehicle, other than motorcycle or motor-driven cycle: shall be arrranged so that the operator can select at will between distibutions of light projected at different elevations.
Obstructed lights on combination vehicles
A motor vehicle when operated in combination with another vehicle is NOT required to display a lighted lamp, other than a tail lamp, if the lamp is obscured by another vehicle.
Lighting equipment on projecting loads
A vehicle transporting a load that extends beyond the vehicle's sides or more than four feet beyond the vehicle's rear shall display red flags that: are at least 12 inch squares, mark the extremities of the load, and are placed where a lamp is required.
Lighting requirements on parked vehicles
Shall be equipped with at least one lamp; emits white or amber light visible at a distance of 1,000 feet from the front and a red light visible at a distance of 1,000 feet from the rear. Display lights not required at night if sufficient light to reveal a person or vehicle on the highway at a distance of 1,000 feet.
Brakes required
A motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, pole trailer, or combination of those vehicles shall be equipped with brakes. Trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer, are not required to have brakes if: gross weight is 4,500 pounds or less, or gross weight is heavier than 4,500 pounds but not heavier than 15,000 pounds drawn at speeds no more than 30mph.
547.605 Emission Systems Required
A motor vehicle, of a model year after 1967, shall be equipped with an emissions system. Must be in good working order. Offense committed when vehicle emits visible smoke for 10 seconds or longer or a cloud of smoke which takes longer than 10 seconds to dissipate.
547.613 Restrictions on Windows
Materials applied or attached to windows must not obstruct operator's view. Material cannot alter the color or reduce light transmission. Does not apply to windshields with a light transmission of 25% or more or a luminous reflectance of 25% or less AND that is not red, blue, or amber. Also, does not apply if it does not extend downward beyond the AS-1 line or more than 5 inches from the top of the windshield.
547.703 Additional equipment for slow moving vehicles
Must display a slow moving vehicle emblem w/ a reflective surface designed to be visible in daylight or night from the light of standard automobile headlamps at a distance of at least 500 ft. Must be mounted on the rear of a vehicle at a height from 3 to 5 ft above road surface. Golf cart operated at a speed of less than 25 mph is required to display emblem when operated on a public highway.
547.801 Motorcycle Lighting Equipment
Not more than 2 headlamps mounted at a height of 24-54 inches, at least one of which must be illuminated during anytime of operation. At least one taillamp mounted at a height of 20-72 inches. Illuminated rear license plate. At least one stop lamp. At least one rear red reflector (may be included as part of taillamp). Motorcycle headlamp must be multi-beam- highbeam revealing person/vehicle at least 300 ft ahead, low beam at least 150 ft. A Motordriven cycle must at least have a single beam light revealing person/vehicle at a distance of 100ft when operated at speeds less than 25mph; 200 ft when 25mph or more; 300 ft when 35mph or more.