85 terms

IE 132 METHODS ENGINEERING

STUDY
PLAY
Method
Particular form or procedure for accomplishing or approaching something.
Engineering
Application
Methods Engineering
Body of procedures for increasing the production output per unit of time or decreasing the cost per unit output.
Output / Input
Productivity equation
Output in units / Work-hour
Labor productivity equation
Design and Develop
1. Responsibility of the methods engineer
Continued Restudy
2. Responsibility of the methods engineer
Select a project
1. Principal steps in methods engineering proposal
Get and present data
2. Principal steps in methods engineering proposal
Analyze data
3. Principal steps in methods engineering proposal
Develop ideal method
4. Principal steps in methods engineering proposal
Present and install method
5. Principal steps in methods engineering proposal
Develop job analysis
6. Principal steps in methods engineering proposal
Establish time standard
7. Principal steps in methods engineering proposal
Follow-up
8. Principal steps in methods engineering proposal
Frederick Taylor
Founder of modern time study
Frank and Lilian Gilbreth
Founder of Modern Motion Study Technique
Frank and Lilian Gilbreth
Micromotion study
Frank and Lilian Gilbreth
Cyclegraphic and Chronocyclegraphic analysis
Frank and Lilian Gilbreth
Book Cheaper by the Dozen
Cheaper by the Dozen
About the use of various communication signals to assemble all the children
Carl G. Barth
Determining allowances
Carl G. Barth
Determining most efficient combination of speed and feeds for cutting metals
Harrington Emerson
Book Twelve Principles of Efficiency
Harrington Emerson
Efficiency Engineering
Efficiency Engineering
Term used by Emerson on his project for Sta Fe Railroad worth $1.5M of savings
Henry Lawrence Gantt
Developed graphs that measure performance while visually showing projected schedules.
Henry Lawrence Gantt
Developed wage payment system that rewarded workers and the boss.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Advocate of establishing standards for increasing production through the US Department of Labor
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Policy meant greater pay for greater output but without an increase in unit labor cost
Standards
Data that serves as common basis of operation for different areas of a system
Time standards
End result of work measurement
Minimize the time required to perform a tasks
1. Objectives of Methods, Standards, and Work Design
Continually improve quality and reliability of products and services.
2. Objectives of Methods, Standards, and Work Design
Conserve resources and minimize cost by specifying the most appropriate direct and indirect materials for the production of goods and services.
3. Objectives of Methods, Standards, and Work Design
Consider the cost and availability of power
4. Objectives of Methods, Standards, and Work Design
Maximize the safety, health, and well-being of all employees
5. Objectives of Methods, Standards, and Work Design
Produce with an increasing concerned for protecting the environment
6. Objectives of Methods, Standards, and Work Design
Follow a humane program of management that results in job interest and satisfaction of each employee
7. Objectives of Methods, Standards, and Work Design
Operations purpose
1. 9 primary approaches to operations analysis
Part design
2. 9 primary approaches to operations analysis
Tolerances & specifications
3. 9 primary approaches to operations analysis
Material
4. 9 primary approaches to operations analysis
Process of manufacturing
5. 9 primary approaches to operations analysis
Setup and tools
6. 9 primary approaches to operations analysis
Material handling
7. 9 primary approaches to operations analysis
Plant layout
8. 9 primary approaches to operations analysis
Work design
9. 9 primary approaches to operations analysis
Operation analysis
Used by methods analysis to study all productive and non-productive elements of an operation
Operation purpose
1st and most important approach
Eliminate or combine before trying to improve
Analyst's cardinal rule
Improper planning during initial setup
1. Elimination is justified by the existence of unnecessary operations
Improper performance of previous operation
2. Elimination is justified by the existence of unnecessary operations
Part design
Designs can be changed for improvement
Reduce number of parts
1. Pointers for lower-cost design
Reduce number of operations
2. Pointers for lower-cost design
Utilize a better material
3. Pointers for lower-cost design
Liberalize tolerances and rely on key operations for accuracy
4. Pointers for lower-cost design
Design for manufacturability and assembly
5. Pointers for lower-cost design
Tolerance and specification
Directly related to quality
Quality
Ability to satisfy given needs
Economies of specification
Reduction on inspection cost; minimized scrap; diminished repair cost; and high quality
Find less expensive and lighter material
1. Impove using materials
Find material that is easier to process
2. Impove using materials
Use materials more economically
3. Impove using materials
Use of salvage materials
4. Impove using materials
Use supplies and tools more economically
5. Impove using materials
Standardized material
6. Impove using materials
Finding the best vendor
7. Impove using materials
Inventory planning and control
1. 3 steps of manufacturing
Set-up operations
2. 3 steps of manufacturing
In-process manufacturing
3. 3 steps of manufacturing
Re-arranging the operations
1. Things to consider in manufacturing
Mechanizing manual operations
2. Things to consider in manufacturing
Utilizing more efficient facilities
3. Things to consider in manufacturing
Operating mechanical operations more efficiently
4. Things to consider in manufacturing
Manufacturing near the net shape
5. Things to consider in manufacturing
Use of robots
6. Things to consider in manufacturing
Set up
Ties very closely with tooling
Tooling
Invariably determines the setup and teardown times
Material handling
Includes motions, time, place, quantity, and time constraints
Plant layout
Principle objective is to develop a production system that permits the manufacture of the desired number of products with the desired quality at the least cost
Product or straight-line layouts
1. Basic Layouts
Process or functional layouts
2. Basic Layouts
Work design
Supplement with the concept of other courses in the series of human factors engineering to avoid negative results of work simplification
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