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Lower limb joints (pg 198-203)
Terms in this set (21)
what three bones form the acetabulum?
ilium, ischium and pubis
what three ligaments form the fibrous joint capsule of the hip?
illiofemoral, ischiofemoral, and pubofemoral
name the attachment points of the iliofemoral ligment
ASIS and margin of acetabulum down to the intertrochanteric line of the femur
what is the purpose of the iliofemoral ligament
prevents overextension of the hip (slackens during flexon)
is there cartilage on the articular surface of the head of the femur?
of what is the artery of the ligament of the head of the femur a branch?
posterior branch of obturator nerve
what fibrocartilaginous structure surrounds the margin of the acetabulum?
what ligament bridges the acetabular notch?
the transverse acetabular ligament
what is the pes anserinus, and what three muscles attach there?
a point on the superior part of the medial surface of the tibia where the sartorius, gracillis and semitendinosus muscles all insert by a common tendon (plate 502)
does the tibial collateral ligament (MCL) attach to the medial meniscus through the joint capsule?
does the fibular collateral ligament attach to the joint capsule?
what tendon runs between the joint capsule and the fibular collateral ligament?
the tendon of popliteus
describe the relationship of the cruciate ligaments to the joint cavity and synovium
intracapsular but extrasynovial
when are the ACL and PCL most taut respectively?
ACL during extension and PCL during flexion
is the lateral meniscus attached to the fibular collateral ligment?
what three structures are injured in the "unhappy triad" knee injury?
tibial collateral ligament, medial meniscus, and ACL
What type of injury causes the "unhappy triad," Varus or Valgus?
view page 202 in dissector for all the ankle ligaments
what three ligaments of the ankle are often torn in inversion injuries?
posterior talofibular, anterior talofibular, and calcaneofibular
what tendons would you pull on to create eversion?
fibularis brevis and fibularis longus
what tendons would you pull on to create inversion?
tibialis anterior and tibialis posterior
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