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37 terms

Ch. 16- skin- part 1

STUDY
PLAY
lesion
an area of damaged tissue anywhere on or in the body- caused by disease or trauma
crust
collection of dried serum and cellular debris
cyst
thick walled close sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material
ex- pilonidal cyst/ sebaceous cyst
erosion
wearing away or loss of epidermis
occur as result of inflame or injury and heal w/o scarring
fissure
grove or crack--like a sore
macule
discolored-oftren reddened- flat lesion
ex-freckle, tattoo marks, flat moles
nodule
solid, round or oval elevated lesion more than 1cm in diamter
ex- enlarged lymph nodes and solid growths
papule
small-less than 1cm in diamater- solid elevation on the skin
ex- pimples
polyp
benign growth extending from the surface of mucous membrane
found in nose and sinuses
pustule
small elevation of the skin containing pus
ulcer
open sore on the skin or mucous membrane w/in the body
decubitus, pressure
vesicle
small collection of clear fluid-serum-blister
ex bulla
wheal
smooth, slightly elevated, swollen area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin
ex- mosquito bite
alopecia
abscence of hair from areas where it normally grows
ecchymosis
blushish-black mark--bruise
pruritus
itching
urticaria
aka hives, acute allergic rxn in which red, round wheals develop on the skin
systemic lupus erythematous
chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease involving joints, skin, kidneys, nervous system, heart and lungs
burns
injury to tissues caused by heat contact
1st degree burn
superficial epidermal lesions
ex- sunburn
2nd degree burn
blisters, partial thickness
3rd degree burns
full thickness burn injury
cellulitis
difuse, acute infection of the skin marked by local heat, redness, pain and swelling
eczema
inflammatory skin disease w/ erythematous papulovesciular lesions
exanthematous viral disease
rash- exanthema- of the skin due to viral infection
Rubella
german measles
rubeola
measles
varicella
chickenpox
gangrene
death of tissue asc. w/ loss of blood supply
impetigo
bacterial inflammatory skin disease characterized by vesicles, pustules, and crusted-over lesions
psoriasis
chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by itch, scalpy, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales
scabies
a contagious, parasitic infection of the skin w/ intense pruritus
sceleroderma
chronic progressive disease of the skin w/ hardening and shrinking connective tissue
tinea
infection caused by fungus
tinea corporis
ringworm
tinea pedis
athlete's foot
tinea unguium
affects nails