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43 terms

Social Studies Post Test Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
slash and burn
the practice of burning forest in order to clear land for planting
ecotourism
the practice of using an area's natural environment to attract tourists
isthmus
a narrow strip of land that connects two larger land areas
tourism
an economic activity in which tourists visit an area and spend money
renewable resources
natural resources that can be replaced
nonrenewable resources
natural resources that cannot be replaced
geography
the study of people, places and environment
five themes of geography
five big ideas that help people understand geography
region
an area that has one or more features in common
economist
a person who studies how goods are produced, distributed, and consumed
place
the human and physical features of a specific location that make it unique
location
a specific point or general area on the Earth found by use of a grid system
movement
the theme of geography that explains how and why people, goods, and ideas move
human/environment interaction
ways in which people use and interact with the Earth
immigration
the movement of people into one country from another
climate
average weather over time; it includes precipitation & temperature
migration
the movement of people to a new place
push factors
situations that tend to push people out of a place
pull factors
situations that tend to pull people to a new area
artifacts
objectives or relics from the past that are left for us to study
culture
the way of life of a group of people
globalization
the process in which countries are linked to each other through culture and trade
market economy
what is produced and distributed is based on what consumers are willing to buy and the price they are willing to pay
communism
an economic system in which the central government owns farms, factories, and offices
command economy
a central authority plans and controls what is produced and distributed
Gross Domestic Product
the total value of all the goods and services produced in an economy in a given year
population
total number of people in a given area
interdependence
a relationship between countries in which they rely on one another for resources, goods and services
chronological order
putting events in the sequence in which they occurred
timeline
a diagram that shows the order in which events happened
perspective
how a person looks at a problem or an event
urbanization
the movement of people from rural to urban areas
physical geography
the study of the natural characteristics of Earth
thematic or special purpose maps
a variety of maps to show a particular topic, such as population or land use about a geographic area
birth rate
the number of births each year per 1,000 people
death rate
the number of deaths each year per 1,000 people
political map
a map that show political boundaries
census
the periodic count of a nation's people by its government
nomadic
people who move from one place to another rather than settling permanently in one location
adapt
to change so as to fit a new situation
emigration
the process of leaving one country to take up permanent or semi-permanent residence in another country
refugee
a person who has been forced to leave his/her country to escape war, persecution or natural disaster
absolute location
a home address or latitude/longitude coordinates are examples of this