Ch 20-3 The Great Society
Terms in this set (15)
Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ)
-JFK's VP from Texas; improved Southern support
36th President of the United States after Kennedy was assassinated
President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
Economic Opportunity Act
An economic legislation that created many social programs to help provide funds for youth programs antipoverty measures, small-business loans, and job training; part of the Great Society.
1964 Created as part of Johnson's war on poverty. 1. Created the Office of Economic Opportunity (Dismantled in 1973) 2. Job Corp (High school dropouts) 3. Neighborhood Youth Core (Unemployed Teens) 4. Volunteers in Service to America (Domestic Peace Corp) 5. Head Start (Preschoolers) 6. Upward Bound (College students)
(LBJ) 1965 , a federal program of health insurance for persons 65 years of age and older
A program added to the Social Security system in 1965 that provides hospitalization insurance for the elderly and permits older Americans to purchase inexpensive coverage for doctor fees and other health expenses.
A public assistance program designed to provide healthcare to poor Americans. (Compare to Medicare)
Immigration Act of 1965
1965; eliminated the quota restrictions in immigration, replaced by numerical limits that did not discriminate against specific countries; provided that the relatives of legal US residents could be admitted outside of the numerical limits
dramatically increased immigration (especially from Asia and Latin America)
The Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren took a liberal, activist stance on leading issues of that time. Ruled in several major decisions in the 1960s that continue to impact American society.
The way in which states redraw election districts based on the changing number of people in them. (An issue addressed by the Warren Court)
"war on poverty"
Johnson's own agenda to end poverty in the U.S. He proposed sweeping legislation to help. Includes the Economic Opportunity Act.
Civil Rights Act (1964)
Prohibits discrimination based on race, religion, national origin, and sex and granted the federal government new powers to enforce its provisions.
Johnson persuaded Southern senators to stop blocking its passage.
Elementary and Secondary Education Act
Provided federal money to help schools purchase textbooks, library materials, and for special education programs. More that a billion dollars.
Baker v Carr (1962)
Established the principle of "one person, one vote." The Court asserted that federal courts and the right to tell states to reapportion--redivide--their districts for more equal representation.
Miranda v Arizona
Miranda Rights-Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
Gideon v Wainwright
1963 ruling that a defendant in a felony trial must be provided a lawyer free of charge if the defendant cannot afford one.
Brown v Board of Education
Supreme Court case that ended segregation and declared "separate but equal" to be unconstitutional.
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.