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76 terms

dev. pysch 2

STUDY
PLAY
the most prominent change in adolescent thought is the ability to
perceive possibility
what happens in the brain of the emerging adult as he or she continues to gain life experience
...
high degree of parental interference and control is a strong predictor of adolescent
depression
the period when children's bodies become adult like
...
athletes who maintained rigorous training schedules, good health habits, and ______ were more likely to extend their years of high-level performance
avoided drugs
john is a 20-year old African who believes that success in school is for females and whites. he's experiencing
stereotype threat
the pattern in which a person limits sexual activity to one steady partner at a time is called
...
the third stage of dialectal thinking is referred to as
...
cohabitation is more likely to result in ____ than marriage
physical abuse
the period during whichchildren grow to adult size, shape, and sexual potential is called
puberty
for girls, the usual sequenceof physical changes at puberty is
hair, breasts, menarche
for boys, the usual sequence of physical change at puberty is
growth, capacity for children, beard
tendency of successive generations to develop in somewhat different ways as a result of improved nutrition and medical advances is called
secular trend
process of puberty is triggered when hormones are released in squence from the____, the ____, and the _____
hypothalamus, pituitary glands, gonads
menarche
...
in junior high, the teachers tend to judge new students who are physically attractive to be more
competent academically
which adolescents will experience menarche first
african americans
research on early and late maturation during adoscence indicates that it is
more difficult to mature late
piaget : many 16 yr olds have reached the cognitive stage
formal opertaional thought
one of the inadequacies of Piaget's theory with regard to older adolscents and adults is that
individuals have difficulty with formal operational thought
because of their egocentrism, many adolescents believe that
no one understands them (has emotions like they do)
a typical characteristic of adolescent egocentrism is that
...
personal fable refers to adolescents imagining that they
imagining the lives they are destined to live
"imaginary audience" refers to adolescents
adolescent assumption that others are interest in them as they are themselves
Kohlberg's three levels of moral reasoning are
preconventional ; conventional ; postconventional
gilligan's study : when females were compared to males on their views of lberg's moral dilemmas, more females
human relationships
males on abstract principles
a criticism of Kohlberg's theoy of moral development is that
reflects liberal western values
trey is typical of the adolescent in search of vocational identity. most likely, his voctional identity will be achieved
25 yrs old or later
isaac and derek persuaded Robert to cut school with them, engage in petty theft, and steal alcohol from his parents. they are engaging in
deviancy training
connie is in early adulthood, and her thinking is changing compared to when she was an adolescent. she is now more likely to
...
mark has finished college, at age 30 is now established in his career and married with two children. when he looks back at his college days, he realizes that his approach to problems has chnge because he now no longer
tries to resolve definitively life's contradictions and inconsistencies
in solving a real-life problem, Ben attempts to take into account his subjective feelings and personal experience. developmentalists refer to this kind ot thinking as
...
dave is a new noncustodial father of 2 children. he can expect to find
geographically more distant to his children
the characterisitic that might be displayed by a 6th grader that is a good predictor of delinquent behavior a few years later
reading problems like ADHD
the graduam age-related decline that begins in early adulthood is called
senescence
which of the following is a characteristic of postformal thought
understanding your perspective is potentilly valid
when both parents work, children
have more active relationships with their fathers
according to erikson, the stage of intimacy versus isolation
...
which of these is typcal of an adolescent who takes on a false self because he believes his real self is rejected by parents and peers
depression, worthlessness, hopelessness
matt is just entering adolescence. according to erikson, he will first feel a need for
indentity
wholesale acceptance of earlier roles and parental values by an adolescent is called
foreclosure
erikson argues that individuals who take on an identity that is the opposite of the one expected of them hve adopted a
negative identity
identity diffusion is typically characterized by
few commitments
comparisons of minority and majority cultures in the US indicte that
...
which of the following factors is a key element in juvenile delinquency prevention programs
...
in terms of physiological development, from age ____ in early adulthood can be considered the prime of life
...
most girls reach their max height by age ___ and most boys reach theirs by age ___
16 ; 18
a person between 18 and 25 is entering a new developmentl stage called
emerging adulthood
a 40 yr old man can expect to require
more time for full erection
a woman approaching middle age will probably find that she has become
sexually responsive
about one couple in ____ is infertile when the woman is in her 20s
20
most physicians recommend that would-be mothers begin their efforts at conception before age ___ and would-be fathers before age ___
mothers - 30
fathers 40
in one view of adult thinking, every idea implies an opposite idea, and both the idea and its opposite can be intergrated into a synthesis. this thinking is called :
dialectal thinking
to be capable of "truly ethical" reasoning, according to Kohlberge, a person must have the experience of irreversible moral choice as well as
responsibilty of the welfare of others
in stepparent families
stepfathers enter their role intending to have all the answers (Disciplinarian)
in typical stepfmily, children usually
sabotage stepparents' efforts
corinne is 11 years old and pubescent. we would expect that she will experience
pressure from dates to be sexully active
nation with highest unmarried pregnancy rate
US
ex-spouses find adjustement to divorce more difficult than they had anticipated because they
focused on what was missign in the marriage to the exclusion of other factors
most developmental theorists today believe that
stages of development can be experienced more than once
which of the following does the social clock tell us
"best age" - driver's license, first marriage
which of the following is the most accurate statement about duel-income housing
mothers still do more housework and child care
when two men converse, they most likely discuss
politics / sports
men's friendships are less intimate than those with women becuase
vulnerability
after marriagem how do spouses treat cross-sex friendships
males worry about sexual attraction
females worry about emotional involvement
what percent of Americn adults spend some part of their lives in gay partnerships
2-5 percent
according to sternberg, three components of love are passion, intimacy and ____
commitment
polish teens who live in citites, girls in new zealand who's parents are divorced and boys in america experience puberty early. the outcomes are explained by
stress
country with highest divorce rate
US
1/3 of young women from which ethnic group in the US reported sex abuse
European, African, Spanish
45 percent of arrests for serious crimes involves person from
10-20 yrs old
percent of ___college students has doubled since 1980
minorities and women
sex hormones :
girls - estradiol
boys - testerone
gender role
behavior that culture/society considers appropriate for only men or women
complex, critical, relativizing thinking emerges in
20s
worldwide, adults are more likely to have mental illness during emerging adulthood because
interpersonal or financial stress interacts with preexisting vulnerabilty