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Ap Euro Chapter 28 Test
Terms in this set (50)
World War II not only devastated the countries, cities, peoples, and cultures of Europe, but also destroyed
European supremacy in world affairs.
Essentially, the Cold war is best described as
clash of Soviet and American ideologies over the most secure geopolitical arrangement of peoples and nations in the aftermath of World War II.
The first area of conflict in the unfolding of the Cold War was
A key factor contributing to the development of the Cold War in Eastern Europe was
Stalin's desire to establish pro-Soviet governments in the countries of Eastern Europe to serve as a buffer zone against possible western attacks on the Soviet Union.
The Truman Doctrine was a consequence of a civil war in
The Truman Doctrine did all of the following except
condemn the victory of the Communists in the Chinese civil war.
The Marshall Plan
intended to rebuild European prosperity and stability.
In 1948, the Soviets blocked western access to
A critical event causing the development of the Cold War outside of Europe was the
victory in 1949 of Communist forces in the Chinese Civil War.
The Communist military response to the formation of NATO was the
An overall effect of the Korean War on the Cold War was
the reinforcement of the American determination to "contain" Soviet power.
The Cold War policy adopted in the mid-1950s by the Eisenhower administration was
The Warsaw Pact included all of the following nations except
The policy created in 1947 and used by the Americans against Communism was called
The event that immediately preceded and sparked the Cuban Missile Crisis was
the Bay of Pigs.
The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 concluded with
improved communications between the U.S. and the Soviet Union to prevent nuclear war
The origins of the Vietnam War, in part, lie in the process of decolonization because
the division of Vietnam into antagonistic northern and southern states occurred after Vietnamese military forces had defeated the French, former governors of the region
African independence parties were usually led by
The French colony in Africa which experienced considerable guerrilla war against French rule was
The Middle Eastern political leader who promoted Pan-Arabism and who advocated a sharing of Middle Eastern oil wealth equally among the Arab states was
Gamal Abdul Nasser
The one issue on which the Arab states were united was
The Indian politician who pursued a policy of neutrality in the Cold War and who attempted to provide leadership to the newly independent countries of Asia and Africa was
"An orgy of blood" refers to
the separation of Pakistan from India.
The Great Leap Forward was
Mao Zedong's effort to achieve a classless society and the final stage of communism.
The economic policies of Stalin
emphasized the development of heavy industry and the production of modern weapons and space vehicles
The economic policies of Nikita Khrushchev in the 1950s and early 1960s
failed to benefit the Soviet economy and industry
An example of the relaxation of repressive Stalinism during Khrushchev's regime was the publication of
Solzhenitsyn's A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
Yugoslavia from World War II through the 1970s was characterized by
the leadership of Tito, who asserted Yugoslavia's independence from the Soviet Union
The independence movement in Hungary in 1956 resulted in
armed Soviet intervention and reassertion of Communist leadership
Due to its strong democratic traditions, the last Eastern European country to fall under Soviet, one-party domination after World War II was
All of the following statements about Western Europe are correct except
By the 1950s, industrial production was still 30 percent less than before WWII.
As president of France, Charles de Gaulle's position in the Cold War was to
make France the "third" nuclear power and pursue a largely independent political course
The first chancellor and "founding hero" of the West German Federal Republic was
Britain's welfare state was established during the premiership of
Which of the following statement concerning postwar Great Britain is false?
The Conservative party in the 1950s and 1960s revoked nearly all of the welfare legislation passed by the Labour party in the 1940s.
Post-war Italian politics was characterized by
the hegemony of the Christian Democrats with backing from the Catholic Church.
The Common Market was
founded for economic reasons, including to promote free trade among member nations.
In the 1950s, President Eisenhower
continued the New Deal programs.
The civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s included all of the following except
the Supreme Court struck down racial segregation in public schools in 1954
In the postwar world, Canada
experienced many of the same developments as the United States
The social structure of the postwar European society has been greatly affected by a dramatic increase in the number of
white-collar management and administrative personnel
All of the following statements regarding women in the post-war era are correct except
working women received equal pay with men by the 1960s
In her path-breaking text, The Second Sex, the influential French feminist author Simone de Beauvoir argued that
women were always and wrongly defined by their differences from men and consequently seen as second-class beings
The post-World War II art world has been mostly dominated by
New York City
The American artist Jackson Pollock was most noted for
Abstract Expressionist paintings
The philosophical doctrine of existentialism, with its emphasis on God as a fiction, no preordained human destiny, and the human creation of all values
was best expressed in the works of the French writers Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre
The philosophical doctrine of existentialism stressed
the need for people to create their own values and give their lives meaning.
The horrors of two world wars, the Cold War, and attendant socio-cultural upheavals have also stimulated a late twentieth-century religious revival exemplified in the works of Karl Barth, who has argued
that the sinful and imperfect nature of humans means that they can know religious truth not through reason but only through the grace of God.
American motion pictures in the post-war years have
been the primary vehicle for the diffusion of American popular culture throughout the world.
Which of the following statements is not correct about popular music during the 1950s and 1960s:
Rock and roll has no connection with African-American music.
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