Thiol functional group
Alcohol functional group
An alcohol with one alkyk group attached to it's carbon is known as what
Prefix for 1,3 atom separation
Prefix for 1,4 atom separation
Prefix for 1,2 atom separation
How do you name Thiols
alkane + "thiol"
Functional group containing one oxygen between two single bonded carbons
Common system of naming ethers
Attached groups in ABC order + "ether"
IUPAC naming system of ethers
alkoxy group + main alkane chain
What functional group contains an oxygen(s) atom in a carbon ring
Cyclic ethers are known as ________ compounds because they have 1+ non-carbon atoms
What naming system is used for cyclic ethers
A pentagon cyclic ether (4C-1O) is called
A hexagon cyclic ether (5C-1O) is called
Cyclic ethers with 2+ oxygen atoms are called
Term used for a group of highly toxic compounds of dioxanes bonded to aromatic rings
What makes alcohols water soluble?
Lowest boiling point
Highest boiling points
Intermediate boiling points
Carbon cutoff for alcohols soluble in water
Are ethers water soluble
Which is more water soluble; ethers or alcohols
Reaction where H and OH are removed from adjacent carbons, leaving double bonds, and one H20 molecule
Dehydration reaction catalysts
H+ and Heat
Reaction: Dehydration of alcohols at lowest temperature
What reaction takes place when Hydrogen is lost and oxygen is gaines
The oxidation of primary alcohols produces what functional group
What is an aldehyde
The oxidation of secondary alcohols produces what functional group
What is the catalyst for oxidation reactions
When aldehydes oxidize further they become
Reaction: Removal of the hydrogen of a hydoxyl and a Hydrogen attached to corresponding carbon
What are thiols only reaction
Reaction: Hydrogen atoms are removed from a sulfhydryl group
The product of an oxidized thiol is called a
What is a S-S group called
Why don't tertiary alcohols oxidize
Carbon to carbon single bonds are too hard to break
Rule: In alcohol dehydration hydrogen is removed from the carbon with the smallest number of hydrogen atoms to form alkene
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