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A router that directs data between nodes on an autonomous LAN (or one owned and operated by a single organization) is known as a(n) ____________________ router.


CompactFlash is an example of a peripheral device attached to the computer's ____ bus.


To eliminate the possibility of a broadcast storm, switches and bridges implement the ____.

STP (Spanning Tree Protocol)

The ____ is a simple set of instructions that enables a computer to initially recognize its hardware.


Each time a computer starts up, the device drivers for all its connected peripherals are loaded into ____.


A computer's ____________________ is the circuit, or signaling pathway, used by the motherboard to transmit data to the computer's components, including its memory, processor, hard disk, and NIC.


If the ____ NIC LED indicator is blinking, the NIC is functioning and receiving frames.


A(n) ____________________ NIC is integrated into the motherboard.


Nearly all NICs contain a(n) ____, the device that transmits and receives data signals.

data transceiver

A(n) ____ is the circuit board wire over which a device issues voltage to signal this request.


The ____________________ indicates, in hexadecimal notation, the area of memory that the NIC and CPU use for exchanging, or buffering, data.

memory range

____ is a type of microchip that requires very little energy to operate.


____ are combinations of networking hardware and software that connect two dissimilar kinds of networks.


____ hubs possess internal processing capabilities.


Switches can create ____ by grouping a number of ports into a broadcast domain.


The ____ setting specifies, in hexadecimal notation, which area of memory will act as a channel for moving data between the NIC and the CPU.

base I/O port

The primary difference between the two USB standards is ____.


PCIe slots vary depending on the number of ____ they support.


A NIC's transmission characteristics are held in the adapter's ____.


A ____ is a multiport connectivity device that directs data between nodes on a network.


____ is a set of data or instructions that has been saved to a ROM (read-only memory) chip (which is on the NIC).


A(n) ____________________ is software that enables an attached device to communicate with the computer's operating system.

device driver

____ routing is a technique in which a network administrator programs a router to use specific paths between nodes.


By far, the most popular expansion board NIC is one that uses a(n) ____ bus.


Switches that operate anywhere between Layer 4 and Layer 7 are also known as ____ switches.


A ____ is a repeater with more than one output port.


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