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148 terms

Vocabulary for the College Bound Student Chapter 8

STUDY
PLAY
au courant
well-informed; up-to-date
blasé
tired of pleasures; bored
bourgeois
1.) having to do with the middle class
2.) concerned with petty, materialistic interests; lacking in culture or refinement
chic
stylish
clairvoyant
1.) clear-sighted; unusually perceptive; discerning
2.) able to perceive matters beyond the ordinary senses
complaisant
willing to please; obliging; amiable
debonair
gracious; courteous; charming; suave
gauche
lacking social grace; crude; tactless; awkward
maladroit
unskillful; clumsy
adroit
cleverly skillful, resourceful, or ingenious
naive
simple in nature; artless; ingenuous
nonchalant
without concern or enthusiasm; indifferent
attaché
member of the diplomatic staff of an ambassador or minister
bourgeoisie
the middle class
chargé d'affaires
temporary substitute for an ambassador
concierge
1.) doorkeeper; custodian; janitor
2.) hotel employee who handles mail, arranges for theater reservations, etc.
confrere
colleague; co-worker; comrade
connoisseur
expert; critical judge
coterie
set or circle of acquaintances; clique
debutante
young person who has just had her introduction into society
devotee
zealous follower; ardent adherent of something or someone; fan
elite
group of individuals thought to be superior; aristocracy; choice part
émigré (émigrée)
refugee; person who has fled from his or her native land because of political conditions
entourage
group of attendants, assistants, or associates accompanying a person
entrepreneur
one who assumes the risks and management of a business
envoy
diplomatic agent or messenger
fiancé (fiancée)
person engaged to be married
gendarme
armed police officer, especially in France and other European countries
gourmand
person excessively fond of eating and drinking; glutton
gourmet
connoisseur in eating and drinking
ingenue
actress playing the role of a naive young woman; naive young woman
maître d'hôtel (maître d')
headwaiter
martinet
person who enforces very strict discipline
nonpareil
person of unequalled excellence; paragon
nouveaux riches
persons newly rich
parvenu (parvenue)
person suddenly risen to wealth or power who lacks the proper social qualifications; upstart
protégé (protégée)
someone taught, protected, or advanced by a person of experience or influence
raconteur
person who excels in telling stories, anecdotes, etc.
valet
manservant who attends to the personal needs of his employer, as by taking care of his clothes
aplomb
absolute confidence in oneself; poise; self-possession
éclat
brilliancy of achievement
élan
enthusiam; eagerness for action
ennui
feeling of weariness and discontent; boredom; tedium
esprit de corps
feeling of union and common interest pervading a group; devotion to a group or to its ideals
finesse
skill and adroitness in handling a difficult situation
legerdemain
sleight of hand; artful trick
malaise
vague feeling of bodily discomfort or illness
noblesse oblige
principle that persons of high rank or birth are obliged to act nobly
rapport
relationship characterized by harmony, conformity, or affinity
sangfroid
coolness of mind in difficult circumstances; composure; equanimity
savoir faire
knowledge of just what to say or do; tact
adieu
good-bye; farewell
au revoir
good-bye; till we meet again
billet-doux
love letter
bon mot
clever saying; witty remark; witticism
brochure
pamphlet; booklet
canard
false rumor; absurd story; hoax
cliché
worn-out expression; trite phrase
entre nous
between us; confidentially
mot juste
exactly right word; most suitable expression
nom de plume
pen name; pseudonym
précis
brief summary
repartee
skill of replying quickly, cleverly, and humorously; witty reply
résumé
1.) brief account of experience and qualifications submitted by an applicant for a position; curriculum vitae
2.) summary
riposte
1.) retort; repartee
2.) in fencing, a quick return thrust after a parry
tête-à-tête
private conversation between two persons
bête noire
dreaded object or person; bugbear
carte blanche
full discretionary power; freedom to use one's own judgment
cause célèbre
famous case in law that arouses considerable interest; issue, person, incident, or situation attracting much attention
contretemps
inopportune occurrence; embarrassing situation; mishap
cul-de-sac
blind alley; dead end
debacle
collapse; disaster; overthrow; rout; fiasco
fait accompli
thing already done
faux pas
misstep; blunder in conduct, manners, speech, etc.
impasse
deadlock; predicament with no obvious way out; stalemate
liaison
1.) bond; linking up; coordination of activities
2.) person who establishes and maintains this connection
mélange
mixture; medley; potpourri
mirage
optical illusion
coup d'etat (coup)
sudden violent overthrow of a government
demarche
course of action (e.g., one involving a change of policy); maneuver
détente
relaxing, as of strained relations between nations
entente
understanding or agreement between governments
laissez-faire
doctrine opposing interference by governments in economic affairs; noninterference
letter de cachet
letter bearing a seal (e.g., of a French king before the Revolution) ordering the imprisonment without trial of a person the letter names
premier
prime minister
rapprochement
establishment or state of cordial relations; coming together
regime
system of government or rule
avant-garde
experimentalists or innovators in any art
bas-relief
sculpture in which the figures project only slightly from the background
baton
rod a conductor uses to direct an orchestra or band
chef d'oeuvre
chief work; masterpiece in art, literature, etc.
denouement
solution ("untying") of the plot in a play, story, or complex situation; outcome; end
encore
audience's demand for an additional performance; repetition or additional performance in response to applause
genre
1.) kind; sort; category
2.) style of painting depicting scenes from everyday life
musicale
social gathering with music as the featured entertainment
palette
thin board (with a thumb hole at one end) on which an artist lays and mixes colors
repertoire
1.) stock of plays, operas, roles, compositions, etc, that a company or individual is prepared to perform
2.) collection
vignette
short verbal description; small, graceful literary sketch
a la carte
according to the menu (bill of fare); dish by dish, from a menu stating the price for each dish
a la mode
1.) according to fashion; stylish
2.) with ice cream
aperitif
alcoholic drink taken before a meal as an appetizer
bonbon
piece of candy
consommé
clear soup; broth
croissant
rich, flaky crescent-shaped roll
cuisine
style of cooking or preparing food
demitasse
small cup for, or of, strong black coffee
entrée
main dish at lunch or dinner
filet (fillet)
slice of meat or fish without bones
hors d'oeurves
light foods served as appetizers before the regular courses of a meal
pièce de résistance
1.) main dish
2.) main item of any collection, series, program, etc.; showpiece
soup du jour
soup served in a restaurant on a particular day
table d'hôte
complete meal of several courses offered in a hotel or restaurant at a fixed price
bouffant
puffed out; full
boutique
small shop specializing in fashionable clothes
chemise
loose-fitting, sacklike dress
coiffure
style of arranging the hair
corsage
small bouquet worn by a woman
cravat
necktie; neckband; scarf
ensemble
complete costume of harmonious clothing and accessories
flamboyant
flamelike; ornate; showy; vivid
toupee
wig; hairpiece to cover baldness
vogue
fashion; accepted style
ambience
surroundings; atmosphere; environment
apropos
by the way; incidentally
apropos
appropriate; relevant; pertinent
avoirdupois
weight; heaviness
bagatelle
trifle
coup de grace
decisive finishing blow
en route
1.) on the way
2.) along the way
etiquette
required social or official usages; code of behavior
facade
face or front of a building, or of anything; false front
fete
festival; entertainment; party
fete
honor with a festival
foyer
entrance hall; lobby; anteroom; vestibule
milieu
environment; setting; surroundings
parasol
umbrella for protection against the sun
par excellence
above all others of the same sort (follows the word it modifies)
passé
old-fashioned; behind the times; outmoded
pince-nez
eyeglasses clipped to the nose by a spring
premiere
first performance
queue
line of persons or vehicles waiting their turn
raison d'être
reason or justification for existing
rendezvous
1.) prearranged meeting place; popular gathering place
2.) prearranged meeting
silhouette
shadow; outline
sobriquet (soubreiquet)
nickname
souvenir
reminder; keepsake; memento
tour de force
feat of strength, skill, or ingenuity
via-à-vis
1.) face-to-face with; opposite
2.) in relation to; as compared with