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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. prodromal phase
  2. opportunistic infections
  3. portal of exit
  4. microbiota
  5. vertical transmission
  1. a the population of microorganisms that colonize various parts of the human body and do not cause disease in a healthy individual
  2. b the site at which a pathogen leaves the host
  3. c a disorder caused by a microorganism that does not cause disease but that can become pathogenic or life-threatening if the host has a low level of immunity
  4. d the phase of a disease during which general symptoms occur in the body
  5. e the spread of disease from mother to fetus or newborn

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a virus transmitted by arthropods (i.e. insects)
  2. large white blood cells that remove waste products, microorganisms, and foreign material from the bloodstream
  3. the degree to which a pathogen is capable of causing disease
  4. using those measures to avoid contact with a patient's bodily fluids; examples include wearing gloves, goggles, and proper disposal of used hypodermic needles
  5. an indication of some disease or other disorder that is experienced by the patient

5 True/False questions

  1. chronic diseasea disease that develops slowly, tends to linger for a long time, and requires a long convalescence


  2. healthcare-associated infections (HAI)an infection resulting from treatment for another condition while in a hospital or healthcare facility


  3. horizontal transmissionthe spread of disease from one person to another


  4. streptokinasean enzyme that dissolves blood clots; produced by virulent streptococci


  5. infectious disease epidemiologyconcerned with how infectious diseases are distributed in a population and the factors influencing or determining that distribution