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19 terms

Psychology Chapter 8 Memory Final

Memory
STUDY
PLAY
Memory
learning that has persisted over time, info that has been stored and can be retrieved
Flashbulb Memory
a clear memory of an emotional event
Encoding
processing of info into the memory system
Storage
retention of encoded info over time
Retrieval
process of getting info out of memory storage
Long-Term Memory
relatively permanent storehouse of the memory system; knowledge, skills, experiences
Short-Term Memory
activated memory that hold a few items briefly
Sensory Memory
immediate, brief recording of sensory info in the memory system
Rehearsal
conscious repetition of info
Spacing Effect
tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention
Serial Position Effect
our tendency to recall best the first and last items on a list
Imagery
mental pictures
Mnemonics
memory aids, use vivid imagery and organizational devices
Chunking
organizing items into familiar, manageable units; occurs automatically often
iconic memory
sensory or visual memory; photographic or picture-image memory lasting under a second
echoic memory
sensory or auditory memory; lasting 3 or 4 seconds
amnesia
loss of memory
proactive interference
disruptive effect of prior learning on trying to remember new info
retroactive interference
disruptive effect of new learning on trying to remember old info