Chapter 10 Nervous System and 16 Skin System

Terms in this set (76)

Question Answer
part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance cerebellum
myoneural pertains to...? muscles and nerves
acetylcholine is a ... ? neurotransmitter

part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impluse is the dendrite

elevated portions of the cerebral cortex are called Gyri

causalgia burning sensation of pain
a network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system Plexus

portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, and boyd temp Hypothalamus
glial cells Astrocytes

space between nerve cells is called the synapse

part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and size of blood vessels medulla oblongata

inability to speak aphasia "no speech" -phasia = speech

collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord Cauda equina

x-ray record of the spinal cord myelogram

collection of blood within the meningeal layers subdural hematoma

abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling (pins and needles) paresthesia

inflammation of a sinal nerve root radiculitis

a highly malignant brain tumor glioblastoma

paralysis of four extremities Quadraplegia

cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhage can be the cause of cerebrovascular accident (STROKE)

fainting syncope

spina bifida is associated with meningomyelocele (mening/o, myel/o, cele)

shuffling gait is a symptom of _____ disease? Parkinson Disease

disorder of reading, writing, and learning is dyslexia
condition of NO nervous sensation anesthesia (no pain, no feelings at all)

three protective membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord meninges

microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell axon
a large interlacing network of nerves plexus (plexuses)

branching fiber that is the FIRST part of a neuron to receive a nervous impulse dendrite

protective fatty tissue that surrounds the axon of a nerve cell myelin sheath

collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord cauda equina

glial cell that produces myelin oligodendroglia (scanty dendrites)

outer region of the largest part of the brain; composed of gray matter cerebral cortex
the _____ _____ nerve carries messages TOWARD the brain FROM receptors sensory nerve
essential cell of the nervous system; a neuron parenchymal cell

innermost meningeal membrane pia mater

elevations in the cerebral cortex gyri

acetylcholine is an example of this chemical released into a synapse neurotransmitter
the _____ _____ contains cerebrospinal fluid

subarachnoid space

slow movement bradykinesia (kinesia = movement, brady = slow)

increased nervous sensation hyperesthesia

seizure of sleep narcolepsy

movements and behavior are not purposeful apraxia

fainting syncope

burning pain causalgia

no coordination ataxia (if you stumble, call a taxi) haha

slight paralysis in half the body hemiparesis

destruction of myelin sheath; replacement by plaques of hard scar tissue multiple sclerosis

sudden, transient disturbances of brain function marked by seizures Epilepsy

loss of muscle strength, breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter myasthenia gravis

degeneration of nerves in the brain leading to tremors, shuffling gait, and muscle stiffness - dopamine is deficient in the brain Parkinson disease

deteoriation of mental capacity (dementia), cerebral cortex atrophy, microscopic neurofibrillary tangles Alzheimer disease

Unilateral facial paralysis palsy (Bell Palsy)

relieving but not curing pallative

major convulsive epileptic seizure Tonic-Clonic Seizure

peculiar symptoms appearing before more definite symptoms aura

malignant brain tumor of immature glial cells glioblastoma multiforme

interruption of blood supply to the cerebrum transient ischemic attack

minor form of epileptic seizure absence seizure
blockage occlusion

neurotransmitter (type of) dopamine
Question Answer
1) A type of epithelial cell in the epidermis is a ...? squamous cell
2) dermis is the ...? middle layer of skin
3) a hard protein material found in the epidermis keratin
4) structural protein found in skin and connective tissues collagen
5) Xer/o dry
6) pertaining to "under a nail" subungual
7) what is the combining form meaning "skin" cutane/o
8) Absence of pigment in skin Albinism
9) Inflammation of the soft tissue around a nail paronychia (for some reason this is not an -itis) but do remember that this inflammation is ParonyCHIA
10) profuse sweating diaphoresis
11) fungal infection trichomycosis (myco = fungus)
12) fatty mass within a sebaceous gland steatoma (steat/o = fatty, -oma = tumor/mass)
13) a wheal is a/an: hive
14) bullae large blisters
15) pustule small abscess
16) itching pruritus - note the spelling "U" at the end.
17) keloid thickened scar
18) inflammatory disease of the joints and collagen of the skin; can affect other organs of the body systemic lupus erythematosus
19) moles that can develop into malignant melanoma dysplastic nevi (oddly shaped moles that morph or change colors)
20) bed sore; break in continuity of skin decubitus ulcer
21) chronic recurrent dermatosis with silvery gray scales covering red patches in skin psoriasis
22) a dermatomycosis tinea (ringworm) fungal infection. myco - fungus.
23) white patches of a nucous membrane of tongue or cheek leukoplakia
24) connective tissue in the skin hardens scleroderma
25) layers of growth are removed and examined microscopically in a procedure called...? Mohs surgery
26) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- circumscribed collection of clear fluid (blister) vesicle
27) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- smooth, slightly elevated edematous area (hive) wheal
28) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- discolored, flat lesion (freckle) macule
29) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- groove or crack-like sore fissure
30) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- mushroom-like growth extending from the surface of a mucous membrane polyp
31) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- circumscribed collection of pus pustule
32) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- closed sac containing fluid or semi-solid material cyst
33) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- open sore or erosion of skin ulcer
34) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- solid elevation of the skin (pimple) papule
35) Name That Cutaneous Lesion! -- larger than 1 cm solid elevation of the skin nodule
36) Name the Skin Condition! -- build up of sebum and keratin in pores of the skin leading to papular and pustular eruptions acne
37) Name the Skin Condition! -- fungal skin infection tinea (ringworm) is a fungual infection
38) Name the Skin Condition! -- chronic hardening and shrinking of connective tissue scleroderma
39) Name the Skin Condition! -- bedsore decubitis ulcer
40) Name the Skin Condition! -- necrosis of skin tissue resulting from ischemia gangrene
41) Name That Skin Conditon! -- contagious, infectious pyoderma impetigo
42) Name the Skin Condition! -- chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by silvery gray scales covering red patches on the skin psoriasis
43) Name the Skin Condition! -- cancerous tumor composed of melanocytes malignant melanoma
44) Name the Skin Condition! -- widespread inflammatory disease of joints and collagen of the skin with "butterfly" rash on the face Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
45) Name the Skin Condition! -- chronic or acute inflammatory skin disease with erythematous, pustular, or papular lesions eczema
A fat cell is a__ lipocyte
Structural protein found in skin and connective tissue collagen
A black pigment found in the epidermis melanin
The deepest region of the epidermis is the __ basal layer
The outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized cells, is the stratum corneum
An oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands sebum

The middle layer of the skin is the dermis

A hard protein material found in the epidermis keratin

profuse sweating__ diaphoresis
Fungal infections of hands and feet __ dermamycosis
Burning sensation (pain) in skin causalgia
oil-producing organs sebaceous gland
Connective tissue protein collagen
middle, connective tissue layer of skin dermis
contains a dark pigment melanocyte
Melan/o black
Adip/o fat
Squam/o scale-like
Ichthy/o scaly, dry
Hidr/o sweat
Steat/o fat
Xer/o dry
discolored, flat lesion (freckle) macule
Groove or crack-like sore fissure
mushroom-like growth extending on a stalk polyp
Closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material cyst
open sore on the skin or mucous membrane ulcer
Solid elevation of the skin (pimple) papule
Solid, elevated lesion more than 1 cm in diameter node
A type of epitheleal cell in the ephidermis squamous cell
Cells that are constantly dividing Stratum Basale
discolored, flat lesion (freckle) macule
circumscribed collection of pus pustule
grove or crack-like sore fissure
Larger than 1 cm solid elevation of the skin nodule
word means covering Integument
Open sore or erosion of skin ulcer
Bluish discoloration of the skin cyanosis
Build-up of sebum and keratin in pores of the skin leading to papular and pustular eruptions acne
necrosis of skin tissue resulting from ischemia gangrene
Corium or true skin dermis
Chronic or acute inflammatory skin disease with erythematous, pustular, or papular lesions eczema
Cancerous tumor composed of melanocytes malignant melanoma
Cytoplasm of cells replaced y protein keratin
Itching pruritus
Pertaining to under a nail subungual
Question Answer
part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance cerebellum
myoneural pertains to...? muscles and nerves
acetylcholine is a ... ? neurotransmitter
part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impluse is the dendrite
elevated portions of the cerebral cortex are called Gyri
causalgia burning sensation of pain
a network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system Plexus
portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, and boyd temp Hypothalamus
glial cells Astrocytes
space between nerve cells is called the synapse
part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and size of blood vessels medulla oblongata
inability to speak aphasia "no speech" -phasia = speech
collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord Cauda equina
x-ray record of the spinal cord myelogram
collection of blood within the meningeal layers subdural hematoma
abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling (pins and needles) paresthesia
inflammation of a sinal nerve root radiculitis
a highly malignant brain tumor glioblastoma
paralysis of four extremities Quadraplegia
cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhage can be the cause of cerebrovascular accident (STROKE)
fainting syncope
spina bifida is associated with meningomyelocele (mening/o, myel/o, cele)
shuffling gait is a symptom of _____ disease? Parkinson Disease
disorder of reading, writing, and learning is dyslexia
condition of NO nervous sensation anesthesia (no pain, no feelings at all)
three protective membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord meninges
microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell axon
a large interlacing network of nerves plexus (plexuses)
branching fiber that is the FIRST part of a neuron to receive a nervous impulse dendrite
protective fatty tissue that surrounds the axon of a nerve cell myelin sheath
collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord cauda equina
glial cell that produces myelin oligodendroglia (scanty dendrites)
outer region of the largest part of the brain; composed of gray matter cerebral cortex
the _____ _____ nerve carries messages TOWARD the brain FROM receptors sensory nerve
essential cell of the nervous system; a neuron parenchymal cell
innermost meningeal membrane pia mater
elevations in the cerebral cortex gyri
acetylcholine is an example of this chemical released into a synapse neurotransmitter
the _____ _____ contains cerebrospinal fluid subarachnoid space
slow movement bradykinesia (kinesia = movement, brady = slow)
increased nervous sensation hyperesthesia
seizure of sleep narcolepsy
movements and behavior are not purposeful apraxia
fainting syncope
burning pain causalgia
no coordination ataxia (if you stumble, call a taxi) haha
slight paralysis in half the body hemiparesis
destruction of myelin sheath; replacement by plaques of hard scar tissue multiple sclerosis
sudden, transient disturbances of brain function marked by seizures Epilepsy
loss of muscle strength, breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter myasthenia gravis
degeneration of nerves in the brain leading to tremors, shuffling gait, and muscle stiffness - dopamine is deficient in the brain Parkinson disease
deteoriation of mental capacity (dementia), cerebral cortex atrophy, microscopic neurofibrillary tangles Alzheimer disease
Unilateral facial paralysis palsy (Bell Palsy)
relieving but not curing pallative
major convulsive epileptic seizure Tonic-Clonic Seizure
peculiar symptoms appearing before more definite symptoms aura
malignant brain tumor of immature glial cells glioblastoma multiforme
interruption of blood supply to the cerebrum transient ischemic attack
minor form of epileptic seizure absence seizure
blockage occlusion
neurotransmitter (type of)
Question Answer
part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance cerebellum
myoneural pertains to...? muscles and nerves
acetylcholine is a ... ? neurotransmitter
part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impluse is the dendrite
elevated portions of the cerebral cortex are called Gyri
causalgia burning sensation of pain
a network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system Plexus
portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, and boyd temp Hypothalamus
glial cells Astrocytes
space between nerve cells is called the synapse
part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and size of blood vessels medulla oblongata
inability to speak aphasia "no speech" -phasia = speech
collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord Cauda equina
x-ray record of the spinal cord myelogram
collection of blood within the meningeal layers subdural hematoma
abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling (pins and needles) paresthesia
inflammation of a sinal nerve root radiculitis
a highly malignant brain tumor glioblastoma
paralysis of four extremities Quadraplegia
cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhage can be the cause of cerebrovascular accident (STROKE)
fainting syncope
spina bifida is associated with meningomyelocele (mening/o, myel/o, cele)
shuffling gait is a symptom of _____ disease? Parkinson Disease
disorder of reading, writing, and learning is dyslexia
condition of NO nervous sensation anesthesia (no pain, no feelings at all)
three protective membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord meninges
microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell axon
a large interlacing network of nerves plexus (plexuses)
branching fiber that is the FIRST part of a neuron to receive a nervous impulse dendrite
protective fatty tissue that surrounds the axon of a nerve cell myelin sheath
collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord cauda equina
glial cell that produces myelin oligodendroglia (scanty dendrites)
outer region of the largest part of the brain; composed of gray matter cerebral cortex
the _____ _____ nerve carries messages TOWARD the brain FROM receptors sensory nerve
essential cell of the nervous system; a neuron parenchymal cell
innermost meningeal membrane pia mater
elevations in the cerebral cortex gyri
acetylcholine is an example of this chemical released into a synapse neurotransmitter
the _____ _____ contains cerebrospinal fluid subarachnoid space
slow movement bradykinesia (kinesia = movement, brady = slow)
increased nervous sensation hyperesthesia
seizure of sleep narcolepsy
movements and behavior are not purposeful apraxia
fainting syncope
burning pain causalgia
no coordination ataxia (if you stumble, call a taxi) haha
slight paralysis in half the body hemiparesis
destruction of myelin sheath; replacement by plaques of hard scar tissue multiple sclerosis
sudden, transient disturbances of brain function marked by seizures Epilepsy
loss of muscle strength, breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter myasthenia gravis
degeneration of nerves in the brain leading to tremors, shuffling gait, and muscle stiffness - dopamine is deficient in the brain Parkinson disease
deteoriation of mental capacity (dementia), cerebral cortex atrophy, microscopic neurofibrillary tangles Alzheimer disease
Unilateral facial paralysis palsy (Bell Palsy)
relieving but not curing pallative
major convulsive epileptic seizure Tonic-Clonic Seizure
peculiar symptoms appearing before more definite symptoms aura
malignant brain tumor of immature glial cells glioblastoma multiforme
interruption of blood supply to the cerebrum transient ischemic attack
minor form of epileptic seizure absence seizure
blockage occlusion
neurotransmitter (type of)
;