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GA Studies Chapter 7
The Antebellum Era
Terms in this set (39)
belonging to the period before a war, especially the American Civil War
This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory.
to add on, such as territory to an existing town, city, or state
a minor, short-term battle
the belief that a state's interests should take precedence over the interests of the national government
Small landowners (the majority of white families in the South) who farmed their own land and usually did not own slaves. Some had fewer than four slaves.
Person in charge of slaves on a day to day basis
Movement to end slavery
any state prohibiting slavery prior to the Civil War
a state that allowed slavery
Legislation passed by Congress in 1820 by which Maine entered the Union as a free state, Missouri entered the Union as a slave state, and slavery was prohibited north of the southern border of Missouri.
the belief by the people in a given region or area that their ideas and interests are better and more important than those of another region or area
Compromise of 1850
legislation passed by Congress by which California entered the Union as a free state, slave trading was ended in the District of Columbia, Texas gave up its claims to New Mexico in exchange for money, residents of the territories of New Mexico and Utah would be able to determine whether they wanted slavery, and a stronger Fugitive Slave Act was enacted.
Slave preacher from Va. led a revolt that resulted in 50 whites and numerous slaves dead 1831; captured and hanged.
United States slave who sued for liberty after living in a non-slave state
raided federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry and took hotages
Harriet Beecher Stowe
wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, United States writer of a novel about slavery that advanced the abolitionists' cause (1811-1896)
runaway slave who used the undergraound railroad. Led over 300 slaves to freedom., slave. Escaped from slavery into the north and later made 20 more trips to the south to help 300 slaves run away including her family. Became the most famous underground railroad conductor. 'Moses of her people'
Self-educated slave who escaped in 1838, Douglas became the best-known abolitionist speaker. He edited an anti-slavery weekly, the North Star.
the governor of Georgia who led the state to sucession before the Civil War.
first to use ether as an anesthetic agent
1854 An act made to decide if the Kansas-Nebraska territory would be slave or free by popular sovereignty. The dispute strengthened the rift between the north and south states.
A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent.
strict laws that restricted the rights and activities of slaves
Laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America
to withdraw or pull out of the union. Seven states seceded from the union. SC, GA, FL, Ala, Miss., LA, TX
16th President of the United States, elected 1860.
political party formed in the 1820s under the leadership of andrew jackson; favored states' rights and a limited role for the federal government. Supported slavery.
sectional political party that morally protested slavery, it became the second major political party
The concept that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or Free. The idea that political authority belongs to the people
A privileged older male slave whose job was to ensure that other slaves worked; loyal to the owner
those who wanted to end slavery in the U.S.
a system of secret routes used by escaping slaves to reach freedom in the North or in Canada
to deny a person's rights because of prejudice; unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
Taxes on imports or exports.
A symbolic spectrum of one's status in society. Class Structure in the south during the Antebellum Era
division of society into recognizable groups, usually based on wealth, education, family, etc.
ability to meet all financial obligations
a military structure where arms and ammunition and other military equipment are stored and training is given in the use of arms