a system of basic rules and principles by which a government is organized. Identifies the powers a government has which are limited powers or unlimited powers.
A government structure in which government actions are limited by law. They work to protect the common good and provide for people's needs.
A government structure in which there are no effective limits on government actions. A ruler or a small ruling group has the power to make all decisions for a country or society.
A set of laws created in ancient Babylon (modern day Iraq) around 1760 BC (before Christ). The code was carved onto a large stone slab.
First developed in Southwest Asia more than 5,000 years ago. It is an independent state consisting of a city and its surrounding territory.
A form of government in which citizens hold political power; citizens are the ultimate source of government power and authority.
A political and economic system in which government owns all property and makes all economic decisions.
Power is divided among central, regional, and local governments ie: The United States
Establishes laws. In a representative democracy like the United States, citizens elect legislative representatives to make decisions for them. It also imposes taxes which are used to pay for government services.
Carries out, or enforces, the laws created by the legislative branch. Provides for the country's defense, conducts foreign policy, and manages day to day affairs of government.
The Supreme Court
The highest court in the land. Interprets laws passed by congress (legislative branch).
Every nation-state has clearly defined territory and power over that territory. Sovereignty is supreme authority or power over that land and its people.
A set of of goals describing how a country's government plan to interact with other countries' governments. Reflects the countries values and intentions.
A body of world governments that seeks to encourage international cooperation and achieve world peace.
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Seeks to prevent and resolve economic crises by offering advice, information, technical training, and loans.
taking part in government such as voting, demonstrations, running for public office, signing a petition, etc
a group that seeks to influence public policy on certain issues that interests that group.
Why did governments form thousand of years ago
As communities matured, grew, and became more complicated governments evolved to keep order in a society and provide for the people's common needs.