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Chapter 21 Hair-coloring Part 2

Permanent hair color applications are
classified as either:

Single-process or Double-process

The hair coloring process that lightens and
colors hair in a single application is a:

Single-process hair coloring

The blonding process where the hair is
prelightened then toned with a toner or glaze OR also known as "The two-step blonding process" is:

Double-process coloring

Examples of single-process permanent coloring
applications are virgin color applications and:

Color retouch applications

Overlapping hair color on previously tinted hair can
cause breakage and create a visible line of:


A predisposition test is generally
conducted behind the ear or:

Inside the elbow

For a virgin application with a single-process color,
the application should be applied first to:

Mid-strand area

When applying color for a single-process retouch application, the color should be applied to the new growth using:

1/4-inch partings

Lighteners that cannot be used directly on the scalp are:

Powder lighteners

Lighteners that have a thicker consistency and
give more control during scalp application are:

Cream lighteners

An oxidizer added to hydrogen peroxide to
increase its chemical action is a(n):


The part of the hair shaft between the scalp and
the hair that has previously not received treatment is the:

New growth

The technique of coloring strands of hair
darker than the natural color is called:


The coloring technique that involves coloring
some strands of hair lighter than the natural color is:


In the weaving technique, selected strands are picked up from a narrow section of hair with a:

Zigzag motion

The technique using a free-form of painting hair lightener directly on clean, styled hair is:


When attempting to color the unpigmented hair in a
salt-and-pepper head, to ensure gray coverage,
formulate the color:

Two levels lighter than the natural level

Specialized preparations designed to equalize hair
porosity and deposit a base color in one application are:

Color Fillers

A combination of equal parts of a prepared tint and
shampoo and applied like a regular shampoo;
added to a remaining color formula to brighten hair color before rinsing is a:

Soap cap

Never apply hair color to a client if the scalp
has any obvious signs of:


The art and science of changing the color of
hair is called?

Hair Coloring

What are the three primary colors?

Red , Yellow , Blue

What part of the cuticle does temporary color coat?

The outer most-layer of the cuticle.

Permanent haircolor penetrates the cuticle of the
hair and enters what?

Dye's the molecues within the cortex

Natural colors such as henna that are obtained
from the leaves or bark of plants are also known as:

Vegetable haircolors.

What is the process of removing color
pigments from the hair?


The highlighting technique that involves pulling
clean strands of hair through a perforated cap is
known as what?

Cap technique

What is the process of treating gray or very
resistant hair to allow for better penetration of


The number of hairs per square inch is called?


What is the lightest of the three primary colors?


When all three primary colors are present in equal
proportions, what is the resulting color?


The diameter of the individual hair strand is called?


Besides rinses, temporary color is also available
in different forms. Name three.

1) Colored mousses
2) Hair mascara
3) Spray-on haircolor

What is required before a semipermanent haircolor?

Patch test.

What colors should the walls be when
conducting a color consultation?

Neutral or white colors.

Name one method of application for applying color?

Brush & bowl-Or- Application bottle.

Hair is composed of three parts. What are they?

Cuticle, Cortex, Medulla

What color neutralizes green?

Use red to balance out the green.

There are four basic questions that must always
be asked when formulating a haircolor. Name two.

1) What is the natural level and does it include gray hair.
2) What is the client's desired level & tone?

Prepared commercial products designed to
remove artificial pigment from the hair are known as:

Color remover

What color of hair has a decreasing
amount of natural pigment?

Gray hair.

What term is used to describe the
warmth or coolness of a color?

Tone/ hue

What term is used to refer to the strength
of the tonality in a color?


The predominant tonality of an existing color is its:

Base color

The chemical composition of a temporary color
allows what type of change in the hair shaft?


The chemical reaction that is activated by
hydrogen peroxide is know as:


Hydrogen peroxide is distributed for cosmetology
use under a variety of names. Name two.

Developer & H2O2

Which type of lightener has the least amount of
lightening action and is the mildest?


Today's colorists have three basic types of
lighteners at their disposal. Name them.

Oil, Cream, & Powder

The arrangement of primary, secondary, and
tertiary colors in the order of their relationships to
each other is known as:

Color wheel

What prevents temporary color from penetrating
the cuticle layer of the hair shaft?

Temporary haircolor does not lift the colors and
they react and expand to a size that
cannot be washed out.

Single process tints usually contain a lightening agent, a shampoo, an aniline derivative tint, and:


An oxidizer added to hydrogen peroxide to increase
its chemical action or lifting power is an:

Activator /Energizer

The small compounds that can diffuse into the
hair shaft and are contained in the tint formula are uncolored:

Aniline Derivatives

After the hair goes through the 10 stages of decolorizing, the color that is left in the hair is known as its:

Pale Yellow

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