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Chapter 21 Hair-coloring Part 2
Chapter 21 Hair-coloring Part 2
Permanent hair color applications are
classified as either:
Single-process or Double-process
The hair coloring process that lightens and
colors hair in a single application is a:
Single-process hair coloring
The blonding process where the hair is
prelightened then toned with a toner or glaze OR also known as "The two-step blonding process" is:
Examples of single-process permanent coloring
applications are virgin color applications and:
Color retouch applications
Overlapping hair color on previously tinted hair can
cause breakage and create a visible line of:
A predisposition test is generally
conducted behind the ear or:
Inside the elbow
For a virgin application with a single-process color,
the application should be applied first to:
When applying color for a single-process retouch application, the color should be applied to the new growth using:
Lighteners that cannot be used directly on the scalp are:
Lighteners that have a thicker consistency and
give more control during scalp application are:
An oxidizer added to hydrogen peroxide to
increase its chemical action is a(n):
The part of the hair shaft between the scalp and
the hair that has previously not received treatment is the:
The technique of coloring strands of hair
darker than the natural color is called:
The coloring technique that involves coloring
some strands of hair lighter than the natural color is:
In the weaving technique, selected strands are picked up from a narrow section of hair with a:
The technique using a free-form of painting hair lightener directly on clean, styled hair is:
When attempting to color the unpigmented hair in a
salt-and-pepper head, to ensure gray coverage,
formulate the color:
Two levels lighter than the natural level
Specialized preparations designed to equalize hair
porosity and deposit a base color in one application are:
A combination of equal parts of a prepared tint and
shampoo and applied like a regular shampoo;
added to a remaining color formula to brighten hair color before rinsing is a:
Never apply hair color to a client if the scalp
has any obvious signs of:
The art and science of changing the color of
hair is called?
What are the three primary colors?
Red , Yellow , Blue
What part of the cuticle does temporary color coat?
The outer most-layer of the cuticle.
Permanent haircolor penetrates the cuticle of the
hair and enters what?
Dye's the molecues within the cortex
Natural colors such as henna that are obtained
from the leaves or bark of plants are also known as:
What is the process of removing color
pigments from the hair?
The highlighting technique that involves pulling
clean strands of hair through a perforated cap is
known as what?
What is the process of treating gray or very
resistant hair to allow for better penetration of
The number of hairs per square inch is called?
What is the lightest of the three primary colors?
When all three primary colors are present in equal
proportions, what is the resulting color?
The diameter of the individual hair strand is called?
Besides rinses, temporary color is also available
in different forms. Name three.
1) Colored mousses
2) Hair mascara
3) Spray-on haircolor
What is required before a semipermanent haircolor?
What colors should the walls be when
conducting a color consultation?
Neutral or white colors.
Name one method of application for applying color?
Brush & bowl-Or- Application bottle.
Hair is composed of three parts. What are they?
Cuticle, Cortex, Medulla
What color neutralizes green?
Use red to balance out the green.
There are four basic questions that must always
be asked when formulating a haircolor. Name two.
1) What is the natural level and does it include gray hair.
2) What is the client's desired level & tone?
Prepared commercial products designed to
remove artificial pigment from the hair are known as:
What color of hair has a decreasing
amount of natural pigment?
What term is used to describe the
warmth or coolness of a color?
What term is used to refer to the strength
of the tonality in a color?
The predominant tonality of an existing color is its:
The chemical composition of a temporary color
allows what type of change in the hair shaft?
The chemical reaction that is activated by
hydrogen peroxide is know as:
Hydrogen peroxide is distributed for cosmetology
use under a variety of names. Name two.
Developer & H2O2
Which type of lightener has the least amount of
lightening action and is the mildest?
Today's colorists have three basic types of
lighteners at their disposal. Name them.
Oil, Cream, & Powder
The arrangement of primary, secondary, and
tertiary colors in the order of their relationships to
each other is known as:
What prevents temporary color from penetrating
the cuticle layer of the hair shaft?
Temporary haircolor does not lift the colors and
they react and expand to a size that
cannot be washed out.
Single process tints usually contain a lightening agent, a shampoo, an aniline derivative tint, and:
An oxidizer added to hydrogen peroxide to increase
its chemical action or lifting power is an:
The small compounds that can diffuse into the
hair shaft and are contained in the tint formula are uncolored:
After the hair goes through the 10 stages of decolorizing, the color that is left in the hair is known as its: