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chemical properties, chemical bonds
The valence electrons largely determine the ______________ of an element and are usually the only electrons used in _____________.
Atoms of most nonmetallic elements achieve noble-gas electron configurations by gaining electrons to become __________, or negatively charged ions.
They have relatively full valence shells.
What property of nonmetallic elements makes them more likely to gain electrons than lose electrons?
cations, anions, neutral
In an ionic compound, the charges of the _________ and _________ must balance to produce an electrically __________ substance.
the forces of attraction between
free-floating valence electrons and positively charged metal ions
electrical conductivity, ductility, malleability
Name three properties of metals that can be explained by metallic bonding
Is the following sentence true or false? Pure metals are usually harder and more durable than alloys.
type of alloy that have smaller atoms that fit into the spaces between larger atoms
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