Approach of the Civil War
Terms in this set (31)
Missouri Compromise 1820
The most important attempt to avoid the civil war. Allowed missouri's request to be admitted to the union as a slave state, maine as a free state. Created an imaginary border across the former louisana territory that established a boundary between free and slave regions. Slavery was prohibited north of latitude 36'30'.
Wilmot Proviso 1846
Introduced by David Wilmot. Designed to ban slavery within territory acquired as a result of the Mexican War.
Compromise of 1850 including the Fugitive Slave Act
Texas would give up disputed land and be given 10 million dollars to pay off its debt to mexico. New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona and Utah be orgranized without mention of slavery. The slave trade would be abolished in District of Columbia but slavery would still be permitted. California would be admitted as a free state.
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 and subsequent conflict in Kansas
Allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves to allow slavery within their borders. This repealed the Misssouri Compromise of 1820.
Dred Scott v Sandford decision 1857
Dred Scott was an african-american slave. He sued for freedom in court since his master lived a long time on free soil in various states. Scott lost. 7 of 9 justices ruled that no slave or descendant of a slave could be a us citizen. As a non-citizen, Scott had no rights and could not sue in federal court.
How slavery in the Western lands caused sectionalism to increase
Slavery was dividing the nation. Northerners became more opposed to slavery while southerners were becoming more united in their defense of slavery as an institution
the loyalty or support of a region or section of the nation, rather than the US as a whole.
I can explain how life was different among the free blacks, whites and enslaved people
Free southern blacks lived under the shadow of slavery, unable to travel or assemble as those in the North. Free northern blacks were active in American society, enlisted as soldiers, owned land, homes, businesses and paid taxes. Whites were not enslaved, allowed to own home/land/business, white men were allowed to vote. Enslaved people primarily worked on cotton plantations in the south, cleared new land, dug ditches, cut and haul wood, slaughter livestock and make building/tool repairs. Enslaved women also had to cook, take care of white children, spinning, weave and sew.
Free Soil Party
1848-1854. Opposed the extension of slavery in the western territories. Made up of small farmers, debtors, village merchants, household workers and mill workers who resented the competition of slavery.
Rise of the Republican Party
David Wilmot of Pennsylvania was the driving force for the creation of the Republican Party. First convention was held in Pittsburg in 1855. Wilmot Proviso was the basis for the republican movement.
Division of the Democratic Party
Split into northern and southern factions over slavery issues.
violent abolitionist who murdered slaveholders in Kansas and Missouri (1856-1858) before his raid at Harpers Ferry (1859), hoping to incite a slave rebellion; he failed and was executed, but his martyrdom by northern abolitionists frightened the South.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
She was an American writer famous for Uncle Tom's Cabin, which was about the blackness of American slavery. Acclaimed in Europe and the North, the book furthered the abolitionist movement, and it was a cause of the Civil War.
Slave in Virginia who started a slave rebellion in 1831 believing he was receiving signs from God His rebellion was the largest sign of black resistance to slavery in America and led the state legislature of Virginia to a policy that said no one could question slavery.
Self-educated slave who escaped in 1838, Douglas became the best-known abolitionist speaker. He edited an anti-slavery weekly, the North Star.
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)
The Underground Railroad
A network of abolitionists that secretly helped slaves escape to freedom by setting up hiding places and routes to the North. Harriet Tubman is a key person to its success.
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)
Election of 1860
Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party was split over slavery. As a result, the South no longer felt like it has a voice in politics and a number of states seceded from the Union.
A black slave, had lived with his master for 5 years in Illinois and Wisconsin Territory. Backed by interested abolitionists, he sued for freedom on the basis of his long residence on free soil. The ruling on the case was that He was a black slave and not a citizen, so he had no rights.
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Senator from Illinois, author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Freeport Doctrine, argues in favor of popular sovereignty
Historical name for the region of the present day southwestern United States that was ceded to the U.S. by Mexico in 1848 under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the Mexican-American War. this massive land grab was significant because the question of extending slavery into newly acquired territories had become the leading national political issue.
A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent.
Strip of land in present-day Arizona and New Mexico that was acquired by the U.S. in 1853 for $10 million.
Fugitive Slave Law of 1850
came from the Compromise of 1850; federal commissioners were appointed and given authority to issue warrants, gather, posses and force citizens to help catch runaway slaves
withdraw from an organization or communion
the concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government
Political party that believed in the non-expansion of slavery and comprised of Whigs, Northern Democrats, and Free-Soilers, in defiance to the Slave Powers
a storage place for weapons and ammunition, all the weapons and equipment that a country has
The time period before the Civil War during which there were many reforms, including the establishment of free (tax-supported) public schools, improving the treatment of the mentally ill, controlling/abolishing the sale of alcohol, winning equal legal/political rights for women, and abolishing slavery.
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