East Asia | World Geography
Terms in this set (98)
Rugged and mountainous. Separates East and South Asia.
Mt.Everest; China and Nepal
What is the highest point in the world and what does it border?
What is the highest point in Japan and what type of mountain is it?
Plateau of Tibet;highest
The ____________ is the largest and _______ plateau in the world.
"The Roof of the World"
What is the Plateau of Tibet known as?
How high is the Plateau of Tibet?
a group if islands
What is the largest island in Japan and what makes up most of the island?
Ring of Fire
50 active volcanoes. specific plates shifting/colliding and forming active volcanoes.
The yellow silt that is carried down the river
Why is the Yellow River called the Yellow River?
What is Asia's longest river?
What river has the largest dam on it?
What river is the most important shipping route?
What is another name of the Yellow River?
Grand Canal;2400 years old
What is the longest fake waterway and how old is it?
One of the world's largest deserts
North China Plain
What the most densely populated place in the world?
coal,oil, and natural gas
What are China, Mongolia, and North Korea's natural resources?
Who is #1 in coal production?
Japan,South Korea, and Taiwan
What 3 countries are low on natural resources but are still economically successful?
What country is good for transportation/fishing?
China;4000 years old
What is the oldest continuous civilization in the world and how old is it?
China is the ________________ of East Asia
China was ruled by royal families called ___________
Great Wall of China 220 B.C; Terracotta Army 200s B.C
The Qin empire built the ___________________ & the ____________________ & when were they both built?
What was the mausoleum with 8000 clay warriors,horses,etc. called?
To keep out northern invaders (Mongols)
What was the purpose of the Great Wall?
4000 miles;22 ft thick
How far does the Great Wall stretch and how thick is it?
How many people died during construction of the Great Wall?
What are some of China's inventions?
__________ was one of the 1st Europeans (Italian) to travel to China. And came in the ________
Marco Polo's writings influenced _______________
China remained isolated until the __________, when the ________________ wanted access to their markets
spheres of influence
a region in which on country has political and economic influence over another country
Boxer Rebellion (1900);Boxers;Qing(Ching)
_______________-The __________ were a secret society who planned to overthrow the ____________ dynasty and drive out the invaders
They practiced martial arts
Why were the boxers called boxers?
Unfair treatment from outside power,loss of culture, forced importation of opium, spread of Christianity, and fear that China would be divided up.
Why were the Boxers angry?
Sabotaged railroads and telegraph wires and killed Christian missionaries and converts
What did the Boxers do to show their anger?
1911-__________ Dynasty was overthrown by revolutionaries and the __________ Empire ended
Nationalists (led by Chiang Kai-shek) fought against communist for control of China
After the Nationalist were defeated by the Communists in 1949, where did they fled?
1st Communist leader of China (1949-1976)
confiscated land to redistribute to peasants
At least ___________ died from starvation or were killed because of Mao Zedong
more capitalism = _______________
____ work in agriculture but only ___ of the land is arable.
What is the main language?
major manufacturing center
Hong Kong and Macau
Special Administrative Regions-enjoy self-rule, but get protection from China
former Portuguese colony and major slave trading port
controlled by British until 1997
one of the most important economic centers in the world
most vertical city
Hong Kong is known as the _____________ in the world.
"President" of China
In 1720, ___________ became a part of the Chinese Empire
In 1912, Tibet gained _____________ independence
accepting China's authority over them, but they still were to have some control over their own affairs
In 1914, Tibet signed a treaty stating what?
spiritual leader of Tibet; was the head of Tibetan government; lives in exile India
Ocean of Wisdom
What does Dalai Lama mean?
"The Land of the Rising Sun"
Yamato Clan (400 AD)
1st emperors of Japan; claimed descent from the sun goddess
highly skilled Japanese warriors who served their lords with absolute loyalty
Samurais were well-educated in ___________ and ___________.
Samurais live by __________ (honor code)
military dictator of Japan
appointed by the emperor but more powerful than the emperor
instead of expanding __________, the Japanese expanded ___________
Japanese bombed the US naval base at Pearl Harbor
what happened on December 7, 1941
Congress declared war
since World War II that was the last time ______________
today Japan has the world's _______ largest economy
manufacturing and trade
_______________ are at the heart of Japan's economy
_____ live on _____ of the land
true or false Japan has school seven days a week
began when North Korean forces invaded South Korea. North Korea had the support of China and the Soviet Union. South Korea had the support of the United States and the UN
how did the Korean Conflict begin and who supported each side
The US push the North Koreans back to where?
They did not want the US to control North Korea
why did Chinese troops get involved in the Korean conflict?
North Korea remained ________ and South Korea remained _______
"Forgotten War" or "Unknown War"
what are other names for the Korean Conflict
Worlds strictest communist country
Kim Jong Un
Who is the leader of North Korea?
Confucianism Taoism Buddhism Shinto
what are the four major religions of East Asia?
taught the importance of order, education, and hierarchy in a well ordered society
goal is to live in harmony with the universe
tai chi (Taoism)
martial art that is primarily practice for health benefits
Yang Yang (Taoism)
represents the balance of opposite in the universe
started in India influenced by Confucianism and Taoism in China
ancient Japanese religion focuses on tradition and family major and physical cleanliness often practice in combination with Buddhism and Taoism
South Korea Hong Kong Taiwan in Singapore
Who are in the Asian Tigers
•increased economic freedom
why are the Asian Tigers successful
Three Gorges Dam
what is the largest electric plant in the world and where is it located
provides electricity and helps prevent flooding
pros of the three gorges dam
this place 1.3 million destroyed historical sites and animal habitats
con of the three gorges dam
large wave caused by earthquakes
-started in 1979 to slow population growth
-rewards couples who have only one child (higher salaries & longer vacations)
-fines couples with more than one child (fines may be greater than the average years salary)
facts about China's one child policy
-Rural families: if firstborn is female or disabled
-if one parent is an only child
exceptions to China's one child policy
-increase in abortions infanticide abandonment female adoption and sterilization
results of China's one child policy
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