23 terms

Sub-Saharan Africa Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
escarpment
steep cliff on the edge of a plateau
cataract
obstruction in a river such as a waterfall or rapid
landlocked
country that does not have an outlet to the ocean
cash crop
agricultural items that are grown for export
OPEC
organization that sets the price and production of petroleum (oil)
rift valley
valleys that are formed from divergent plate activity in East Africa
savanna
tropical grassland in africa
steppe
semiarid grassland on the fringes of deserts or dry areas
rainforest
forest of broadleaf trees in tropical wet climate zones
sahel
a region south of the Sahara Desert that is vulnerable to desertification
desertification
arid conditions expand into a non-arid area
deforestation
trees are cut down faster than they can grow back
subsistence farming
small scale farming where farmers grow enough food just to live
slash and burn farming
when farmers cut down trees and burn them to fertilize the soil in tropical regions
nomadic herding
when people have herds of sheep, goats, or cattle and move from place to place
berlin conference
a meeting between european powers in 1884-1885 in which Africa was divided between them
colonization
when people from a country settle in another part of the world bringing their customs and traditions
genocide
the extermination of an entire people based on ethnicity, religion, or some other guideline
extraction
mining or harvesting resources
plantation
a large farm where cash crops are grown
gross domestic product
the sum total of how much a country earns in a year
oral tradition
relating myths, legends, or history through memorized stories
refugee
people who flee a region
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR