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Canada and United States Vocab

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Appalachian Mountains
one of the two major mountain chains in the United States and Canada that runs some 1600 miles from Newfoundland to Alabama
Great Plains
a largely treeless area that continues the ascent to about 4000 ft
Canadian Shield
rocky, mainly flat area that covers nearly 2 million square miles around Hudson Bay
Rocky Mountains
series of mountain ranges that extend about 3000 miles from alaska to new mexico
Continental Divide
line of highest points in the rockies that marks the separation between rivers flowing eastward and westward
Great Lakes
Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior
Mackenzie River
canada's longest river wich is part of a river system that flows across the Northwest Territories to the Arctic Ocean
permafrost
permanently frozen ground
prevailing westerlies
winds that blow from west to east in the middle latitudes
Everglades
huge swampland that covers some 4000 square miles
nomads
people who move from place to place
Beringia
land bridge that once connected Siberia and Alaska
St. Lawerence Seaway
north america's most important deep water ship route
locks
sections of a waterway with closed gates where water levels are raised or lowered
migration
movement
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages
Louisiana Purchase
A territory in the west central United States purchased from France in 1803; extended from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains, and the gulf of Mexico to Canada
frontier
the free, open land in the American West that was available for settlement
suburbs
communities outside of cities
representative democracy
where the people rule through elected representatives
exports
goods sold to another country
free enterprise
an economic system in which private individuals own most of the resources, technology, and businesses, and can operate them for profit with little control from the government
service industry
kind of economic activity that produces a service rather than a produce
postindustrial economy
one where manufacturing no longer plays a dominant role
multinationals
large corporations that have operations in several countries
New England
6 northern states of subregion: Maine, Virginia, New Hampshire, Massachusettes, Rhode Island, and Connecticut
megalopolis
a region in which several large cities and surrounding areas grow together
Midwest
the subregion that contains the 12 states of the north central united states
South
subregion that covers about 1/4 of the land area of the US and contains more than 1/3 of its population
metropolitan areas
large cities and nearby suburbs and towns
West
far-flung subregion consisting of 13 states
province
political unit
Dominion of Canada
the loose confederation of Ontario(upper Canada), Quebec(lower Canada), Nove Scotia, and New Brunswich, created by teh british North America Act in 1867
confederation
political union
parliamentary government
system where legislative and executive functions are combined in a legislature called a parliament
parliament
a body of representatives that makes laws for a nation
prime minister
head of the government
first nations
Canada's native americans
metis
people of mixed french and native heritage
reserves
public land set aside for them by the government
Atlantic Provinces
the provinces in Eastern Canada-Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nove Scotia, and Newfoundland
Quebec
The largest province in Canada
Ontario
a prosperous and industrialized province in central Canada
Prairie Provinces
provinces west of Ontario and Quebec: Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta
British Columbia
Canada's westernmost province, located within the Rocky Mountain range
Nunavut
one of Canada's territories and home to many of Canada's Inuit; it was carved out of the eastern half of the Northwest Territories in1999
terrorism
The calculated unlawful use of physical force or threats of violence against persons or property in order to intimidate or coerce a government, organization, or individual for the purpose of gaining some political, religious, economic, or social objective
global network
worldwide interconnected group
coalition
an alliance
biological weapons
bacteria and viruses that can be used to harm or kill people, animals, or plants
urban sprawl
poorly planned development that spreads a city's population over a wider and wider geographic area
infrastructure
basic facilities, services, and machinery needed for a community to function
smart growth
efficient use and conservation of land and other resources
sustainable communities
communities where residents could live and work