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10 terms

Psychology Exam 3 Set 2

Actor-Observer Discrepancy
i explain causes of behavior differently depending on whether I'm the actor and (it's my behavior I am explaining) or whether I am the observer (I am explaining someone else's behavior).
Fundamental Attribution Error
events in other people's lives in terms of internal causes, often ignoring external factors
Self-Serving Bias
we are overly positive about own behavior, so we are more likely to explain successes/ good events in terms of internal causes (intelligence, hard work).
Defensive Attribution
i am especially likely to explain bad events in other people's lives in terms of internal causes (who they are of how they chose to behave) because this relieve my fear that it might happen to me and it relieves my guilt if I do nothing to help them
Cognitive Dissonance
i feel discomfit when i realize my behavior differs from an attitude i already hold and i am motivated to change so that my attitude and actions match
Self-Perception Theory
we sometimes discover our attitudes by observing our own behavior
Central Route
present information for logical analysis of message content. By thinking deeply about the message, I remember it better and it effects my behavior more
Peripheral Route
all other ways of persuasion (other than presenting information for content analysis)- such as appealing to emotions or mental short-cuts
Classical Conditioned Emotional Reactions
usually learned without our awareness and other influence our behavior more than rational thought
is creating an emotional connection between a person and product