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20 terms

AP Gov Key Terms - Chapter 6

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caucus system
a normally closed meeting of a political or legislative group to select candidates, plan strategy, or make decisions regarding legislative matters
expressed powers
specific powers granted to the president under Article II, Sections 2 and 3, of the Constitutions
delegated powers
constitutional powers that are assigned to one government agency but exercised by another with the expressed permission of the first
inherent powers
powers claimed by a president that are not expressed in the constitution bu are inferred from it
commander in cheif
the power of the president as commander of the national military and the state national guard units (when called into service)
War Powers resolution
a resolution of Congress declaring that the president can send troops into action abroad only by authorization of Congress or if U.S. troops are already under attack or seriously threatened
executive agreement
An agreement between the president and another country that has the force of a treaty but does not require the Senate's "advice and consent"
executive privilege
the claim that confidential communications between the president and the president's close advisers should not be revealed without the consent of the president
veto
the president's constitutional power to turn down acts of Congress within ten days of their passage while Congress is in session. A presidential veto may be overridden by a two-thirds vote of each house of Congress
pocket veto
a veto that is effected when Congress adjourns during the time a president has to approve a bill and the president takes no action on it. This veto cannot be overridden by Congress. It must be reintroduced in the next session.
line-item veto
the power of the executive to veto specific provisions (lines) of a bill passed by the legislature. In 1998 the Supreme Court ruled that the constitution does not authorize the line-item veto.
legislative initiative
the president's inherent power to bring a legislative agenda before Congress
executive orders
the rules or regulations issued by the president that have the effect and formal status of legislation
cabinet
the secretaries or cheif administrators of the major departments of the federal government. Cabinet secretaries are appointed bu the president with the consent of the Senate
National Security Council (NSC)
a presidential foreign policy advisory council composed of the president, the vice president, the secretaries of state, defense and the Treasury, the attorney general, the chair of the Joint Cheifs of Staff (as "Statutory Military Adviser"), the director of national intelligence (as intelligence adviser); and other officials invited by the president
White House Staff
the analysts and advisers to the president, often given the title "special assistant"
kitchen cabinet
an informal group of advisers to whom the president turns for counsel and guidance. Members of the official cabinet may or may not also be members of the kitchen cabinet.
Executive Office of the President (EOP)
the permanent agencies that perform defined management tasks for the president. Created in 1939, the EOP includes the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers, the National Security Council, and other agencies.
Permanent Campaign
presidential politics in which all presidential actions are taken with reelection in mind
mandate
a claim by a victorious candidate that the electorate has given him or her special authority to carry out promises made during the campaign.