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A relatively permanent change in behavior or knowledge that occurs as a result of experience.
A stimulus that, without prior learning, produces an automatic physiological response.
A behavior that is produced in response to a stimulus without prior learning. It is typically an automatic physiological response.
A response that is linked to a particular stimulus through conditioning by being paired with the stimulus.
law of effect
The phenomenon in which behavior that produces good effects tends to become more frequent while behavior that produces bad effects tends to become less frequent.
Any environmental event that, when given, increases the frequency of a behavior.
Any environmental event that, when removed, increases the frequency of a behavior.
variable interval schedule
A schedule of reinforcement in which reinforcement is provided at irregular intervals based on the passage of time.
variable ratio schedule
A schedule of reinforcement in which reinforcement is provided at irregular intervals based on the number of behaviors performed.
Any environmental event that, when taken away, decreases the frequency of a behavior.
Antecedent cues that allow the learner to predict the likelihood of reinforcement.
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