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What is Sparta?

A city-state in southern Greece

Describe life in Sparta compared to life in Athens?

Athens was free and open, Sparta was harsh

What was the one basic rule of Sparta?

Always put the cities needs before your own

Who were the helots?

servants of Sparta

Describe life for a Spartan boy.

at 7 he went to live in barracks. by 12, he spent hours practicing with swords and spears

Describe life for a Spartan girl.

Like boys they trained and competed in wrestling and spear throwing

Who founded the Persian Empire?

Cyrus the Great

Describe the Battle of Marathon.


What was the Peloponnesian War?

a conflict between Athens and Sparta that lasted 27 yrs.

Who is Thucydides?

Greek historian

What is a plague?

widespread disease

What is a blockade?

action taken to isolate an enemy and cut off its supplies

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