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Medical Term Chapter 10
spinal cord (mean bone marrow in other contexts)
nerve root (of spinal nerves)
sheath (refers to the meninges)
vagus nerve (10th cranial nerve)
excessive sensitivity to pain
deep sleep (coma)
feeling, nervous sensation
kines/o, kinesi/o, -kinesa, -kinesis, -kinetic
paralysis (loss or impairment of the ability to move parts of the body)
to cut off, cut short
collections of blood
results from the tearing of veins between the dura and arachnoid membranes.
occurs between the skull and the dura as the result of a ruptured meningeal artery.
is cause by bleeding directly into brain tissue, such as can occur in the case of uncontrolled hypertension.
a highly malignant tumor
a viral disease that affects the gray matter of the spinal cord, leading to paralysis of muscles that rely on the damaged neurons.
lack of normal sensation (e.g., absence of sense of touch or pain).
What is the combining form meaning nerve?
The outer most layer of the meninges is the?
What is the combining form meaning sensitivity to pain?
The uppermost and largest part of the brain that controls and integrates motor, sensory, and higher mental functions is the..
A neurotransmitter chemical substances released at the ends of some nerve cells is...
A type of neuroglial cell that transport water and salts between capillaries and neurons is a(an)?
What is te suffix meaning prolapse?
What is the suffix meaning speech?
Nerves that carry impulses away from the brain and spinal cord are called...
What is the suffix meaning paralysis?
What is the combining form meaning cold?
What is the combining form meaning spinal cord?
The part of the brain that controls sleep, appetite, bodily temperature, and the secretions from the pituitary gland is the?
What is the combining form meaning coordination?
Interconnecting reservoirs or canals in the interior of the brain are called?
What is the combining form meaning sleep?
What is the combining form meaning nervous sensation?
What is the suffix meaning strength?
What is the suffix meaning slight paralysis?
What is the combining form meaning nerve root?
Disease of nerves; primarily in the peripheral nervous system
Neurotransmitter in the central nervous system; deficient in patients with Parkinson disease
Tumor (benign) of the meninges
Portion of the brain beneath the thalamus; controls sleep, appetite, body temp., and secretions from the gland
Head pain; headache
Fainting; temporary loss of consciousness
hypothalamus contains neurons that control:
body temperature, sleep, appetite, sexual desire, and emotions such as fear and pleasure.
The thalamus plays a major role in maintaining levels of?
awareness and consciousness. It decides what is and what is not important, selectively processing and relaying sensory information to the cerebral cortex.
What are the functions of the cerebellum?
functions to coordinate voluntary movements and to maintain balance and posture.
The nervous system is divided into two major divisions:
The central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system.
The central nervous system consists of the...
brain and spinal cord
The peripheral nervous system consists of...
cranial nerves and spinal nerves, plexuses, and peripheral nerves throughout the body.
a large network of nerves in the peripheral nervous system.
microscopic fiber leading from the cell body that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell...
Large, interlacing network of nerves...
Three protective membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord...
Microscopic branching fiber of a nerve cell that is the first part to receive the nervous impulse...
Outer region of the largest part of the brain; composed of gray matter...
glial cell that transports water and salts between capillaries and nerve cells...
glial cell that produces myelin...
oligodendroglial cell a.k.a oligodendrocyte
A nerve cell that transmits a nerve impulse...
Collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord at the level of the second lumbar vertebra...
lack of nerve strength...
inability to speak..
inability to perform purposeful actions..
condition of insensitivity to pain...
condition of loss of sensation...
sensations of tingling, numbness, or "pins and needles"..
lack of coordination...
abnormal, involuntary, spasmodic movements...
reading, writing, and learning disorders