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24 terms

Classical I

STUDY
PLAY
1730-1770
The pre-classical period
1770-1820
The fully developed classical music style
1750-1820
Classicism as a stylistic period
Philosophers and writers
believe that reason was the best guide to human conduct
Carl Phillipp Emanuel Bach and Johann Christian Bach
two of the more important pre-classical composers.
J. C Bach
not considered a master of the classical period
Haydn
content to spend most of his life serving a wealthy family as a skilled servant.
Classical music
basically homophonic
Composers in the classical period
did not use terraced dynamics in their compositions
Composers in the classical period
took middle-class tastes into account by; using folk and popular music, writing comic operas that ridiculed the aristocracy, and writing dance music for public balls
Basso Continuo
was not the nucleus of the instrumental ensemble during classical
Classical compositions
were favored by folk and popular music, heroic and mythological plots, and elaborately ornamented melodies.
The prospering middle class
sought aristocratic luxuries such as theater, literature, and music
Concert des Amateurs
was an organization conducted by the Chevalier de Saint-Georges devoted to presenting public concerts.
Because of the political and social uprisings
there was more demand for printed music.
Vienna in 1800
was the fourth-largest city in Europe, seat of the Holy Roman Empire and had a Population of almost 250,000.
Comic operas
sometimes ridiculed the aristocracy
In Vienna
Haydn and Mozart became close friends
The typical orchestra of the classical period
consisted of strings, woodwinds, horns, trumpets and timpani
Trombones
were not normally included in the classical orchestra.
A symphony
is a sonata for orchestra
Sonata form
is used as the form for the first movement of a multi movement work
Sonata form
consists of exposition, development, and recapitulation often followed by a concluding section known as the coda.
The second theme of the exposition
does not return in the recapitulation exactly the same.