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174 terms

Esthetician- practice test

STUDY
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A colorless gel like substance that contains ; water, salt and nutrients obtained from foods.
Protoplasm
The outer surface of the cell
Cell Membrane
The production department of the cell
Cytoplasm
The study of the structre function and disease of the muscles
Myology
The fluid part of the blood in which red+white blood cells and blood platelets are suspended
Plasma
Humann cells that divede in half
Mitosis
The process of buliding up larger molecules drom smaller ones. During theis phase the body stores water, food and oxygen
Anabolism
The process of breaking down larger moleculs or substances into smaller ones
Catabolism
Tissues cover and protect the body's surfaces and internal organs
Epithelial
Anatomy
Study of the organs and systems of the body
Carries messages to and from the brain and cvrdenates body fuunctions
Nerve Tissue
Contracts when stimulated to provide motion
Muscular Tissue
Supply's the blood with oxygen
Lungs
Circulates the blood
Heart
Controls all body functions
Brain
Carries food waste products+hormones
Liquid Tissue
Which forms of tissue supports+protects and holds the body together
Connective Tissue
Removes the toxoc by; products of digestion
Liver
Basic units of life
Cells
Eliminates water and waste products
Kidneys
Provides the framework of the body
Skelteal
Moves the body
Musscular
Circulates blood through the body
Circulatory
Supplies nurrients to the body
Digestive
Eliminates waste from the body
Excretory
Sends and recives messages
Nervous
Controls breeathing
Respiratory
Controlls growth health and reproduction
Endocrine
Generates new life to perpetuate the species
Reproductive
Skeletal system
206 Bones
Covers and protects the entire body
Integumentary
What bone extends from the top of the eyes to the top of the head and forms the forehhead
Frontal
Located behind the eyes and nose and connects all the bones of the carnium
Sphenod
The ____ is the largest organ in the body
Skin
Spmgy bone between eyes that forms part of the nasal cavity
Ethmoid
Bones form the crown and upper sides of the head
Parietal
Bones that are located on the either side of the head directly above the ears and below the parietal bones
Temporal
Bones that form the back of the skull indenting above the nape
Occipital
Which system is the physcical foundation of the body
Skeletal
The study of bones
Osteology
Two bones that form the upper check and the bottom of the eye socket
Zygomatic
Two bones of the upper jaw
Maxillae
The two bones that join to form the bridge of the nose
Nasal
Lower jaw and the largesst bone of the facial skeleeton
Mandible
Muscles located in front of the ear
Auricularis Anterior
Muscle located above the ear
Auricularis Superior
Muscle located behind the ear
Auricularis Posterior
Located under the eyebrows canlans the eyebrow drawing them in front
Corrugator
Located below the coner of the mouth draws the coners of the mouth down, expressing sadnessssssssssss
Triangularis
Located above the corners of the mouth raises the angle of the mouth
Caninus
Below the lower lip. Pulls the lower lip down on to the side as in expressing sarcasm
Quadratis Labii inferioris
Circles the mouth and contracts, pukers+wrinkles the lips
Oris Orbicularis
Above the eyelids opens the eyelid
Levator Palpebrae Superiris
Between the jaw and check compresses the cheek to release air
Buccinator
Extends from the tip of the chin to the shouldrdes and chest ans depresses the lower jaw
Platysma
Runs across the front of the lower part of the rradius and the ulna. Turns palm of the hand downwand and inward
Pronator
Located above and in front of the ear and opends and closes the jaw
Temporalis
Covers the shoulders , turns the arm and turns it
Deltoid
Eight small bones held together by ligmwnts to form the wrist or carpus
carpus
Lifts up depressor-drwns down
Levator
Bone located on the little finger side of the lower arm
Ulna
Muscle extends from the forehead to the top of the skull. Raises eyebrow
Frontails
The muscles respond to conscious commands
Voluntary
Muscles respond automtically to controll various body functions
Non-striated
The non-moving portion of the muscle attached to the bones or other fixed muscle
Origin
Human cells respond by mdivding in half a process redevolped as to
Mitosis
The protion of the muscle joined to movable attachements, bones movable muscles or skin
insertion
Bands of fibrous tissue that attach the muscle to the bones
Tendons
Strong bonds of something tissue that connects the bones to each other
Ligaments
The control center of the cell actracitives sometghin something important for reprodeletion
Nucleus
Muscles are located at the nape of the neck the scalp and back
Occipitalis
5 long thin bones that form the palm of the hand
metacarpals
the smaller bone on the thumb side of the lower arm or forearm
radius
largest bone of the upper arm extends from the elbow to the shoulder
humerus
bony cage made up of spine
thorax
muscular organ that seperates the chest cavity from the adbomen
diaphragm
the vesseles that take nutrients and oxygen from the arteries to the cells and take waste products from the cell to the veins
capillaries
tubular elastic thin walled branching vessels that carry oxygen depleated blood from the capillaries to the heart
veins
tubular elastic thick walled branching vesseles that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart thru the body
arteries
spongy muscles composed of cells into which air enters when u inhale
lungs
stores the waste for evenual eliminate thru the anal canal
large intestine
begins the brakdown of nutrients
small intestine
the organs where digestion occurs
stomach
passage between the pharanx and the stomach
esophagus
passage to the stomach and lungs
pharynx
brake down of food
salivary glands
the nerves of the face that are affected during facials
trigeminal or trifacial, accessory
carry messages from the brain to the muscles
motor or efferent nerves
carry messages to the brain and spinal cord
sensory or afferent nerve
threadlike fibers extendeding from the cell
axons
short fibers extending from the nerve cell
dendrite
nervous system which slows the heart rate dialates blood vesseles and lowers blood pressue
parasympathetic nervous system
part of the central nervous system and controls the respiratory, digestive,circuulatory, excretory endocrine system
autonomic nervous system
long nerve fibers that orginate in the base of the brain and extend to the base of the spine
spinal cord
the nervous system is made up of 3 sub system
central or cerebbrospinal nervous system....peripheral nervous system....autonomic nervous system
supplies blood to the sides and top of the head and branches into 5 smaller arteries
superfical temporal
muscle located above the ear
auricularis superior
the smaller bone on the thumb side of the lower arm or forearm
radius
5 long thin bones that form the palm of the hand
metacarpals
there are____ bones that compose of the facial skeleton
14
bony cage made up of spine
thorax
largest bone of the upper arm that extends from the elbow to the shoulder
humerus
the 8 small bones held together by ligaments to form the wrist
carpals
sends and receives messages
nervous
controlds growth health and reproduction
endocrine
spongy bone between eyes that forms part of the nasal cavity
ethmoid
located behind the eyes and nose and connects all the bones of the carnivm
sphenoid
what bones extends from the top of the eyes to the top of the head and forms the forehead
frontal
skeletal system
206 bones
covers and protects the entire body
integumentary
study of bones
osteology
2 bones of the upper jaw
maxillae
bones that are located on either side of the head directly above the ears and below the parietal bones
temporal
which system is the physical foundation of the body
skeletal
microbiology
..., the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans
the study of small living organisms
microbes
bacteria
one celled microorganisms
pathogenic
disease producing bacteria
non patogenic
non disease bacteria
saprophytes
nonpathogenic bacteria that live on dead matter
bacteria single cells with one fof 3 shapes
circular,spiral,rod shapped
cocci
spherical or round shaped bacterial cells,which appear singularly or in groups
staphylococci
, pustles,and boils pus forming bacterial cells that form grape like clusters and are present in abscesses pustules and boils
streptococci
pus forming bac. cells form in long chains can cause septicemia blood poisoning,strep throat,rheumatic fever
diplococci
bac. cells that grow in pairs and cause certain infections ,pneumonia......think d =double
bacilli
most common form of bac. bar or rod shapped cells that can produce a variety of diseases including tetanus,bacteria influenza,yphoid fever tuberculosis, diphtheria... think b =bar
spirilla
spiraled,coiled,corkscrew shaped bac. cells that cause highly contagious disease such as syphilis and cholera...think s=spirilla
active stage
bacteria grows fast
bacailli and spirilla have the ability to move themseves using hair like projections
flagella
virus
replicates itself only within cells of a living host
virus cannot live on there own they need
host cells
hipatits b
highly infectious disease that affects the liver
aids
highly infectious disease which interferes with the bodys natural immune system and causes it to break down
external parasities
organisms that grow and feed on other living organisms which are refred to as host...head lice..itch mites..scabies
infection
the growth of a parasitic organism within the body
pathogens
..., disease producing microorganisms
tuberculosis
a contagious and fatal infection caused by airborne bacteria that first effect the lungs
local infection
present in a small confined area often indicated by a pus filled boil pimple or inflamation= little
general infection
occurs when the circulatory system carriers bacteria and there toxins to all parts of the body think general=giant
using consistent infection control procedures for all clients is called
universal precautions
immunity
the bodys ability to destroy infectious agents that enter it
natural immunity
a partially inherited natural resistance to disease. ahealthy body produces white blood cells and antibodies to fight disease causing agents
passive acquired immunity
thru the injections of antigens which stimulate the bodys immune response...polio
levels of infection control
..., sanitization
disinfection
sterilization
infection control
term used to describe efforts to prevent the spread of disease and kill microbes.
efficacy
the ability to produce results effectiveness
sanitation
lowest level removes debre
disiinfection
using produucts that kill or destroy bacteria and a broad spectrum of virus
osha requires epa reg. disin. with an efficacy against hiv and hbv or tuberculocidal
...
msds
key info on a specific product regarding ingred. associated hazard, combustion levels,and storage requirements
environmental protection agency
approves the efficacy products used for infection control
Lupus
An autoimmune disease in which the bodyimmune system is impained on begins to fight itself
Lanugo
soft hair on body at birth
Terminial
thick hair that grows on areeas of the body after puberty
Catagen
The transetimal phase the shortest phase ;
thebhair begins to destroy itself as it disionnects prom the papilla
Anagen
Life cycle of hair;
Longest phase where hair activvely grows
Telegen
RESTING, ITS AT ITS FULL SIZE AND ERECT IN FOLLICE
Galvanic Method
Method destroys hair by decomposing the papilla 12-4 needles or prohes inserted into each follicle in multiple needle . current is for 30sec . 2.5min
What is most popular in waxing service?
Upper Lipp waxing last 4-6 wks
Epilation
Process of removing hair from the follicle is referred to as
Supercilia
Eyelash hair
Electrolysis
Inserting a small needle into hair fallicle
Electrologist treatment should never be on a client who is preg, heart problems, or have diabetes
...
Thermolysis or high freguency /Short-wave
Single needle into follicle current trauells forless then a second
Blend method
Combination of gavanic +short wave
Lazer or Laser (whatever)
beam of light that passes thru to hair follicle wavelenghts of light
Photo-epilation
Inpulsed light neam creates a burst of energy to destroy hair bulbs with minimal scaning
Barba
Thick coarse hair that grows on the fface to form a beard
Capilli
Hair grows on the scalp
To tweeze
tweeze in the direction of hair of hair growth last 3-8 wks
...
Main ingred in chemical depilatory is thioglyocolic acid derivative with an alkaline ph
Shaving (hair regrows within 24-48 hrs)
...
Contraindication for waxing (skin conditions)
Varicose veins
unusual wwarts growths
cuts
active herpies
acne
skin disease
sunburn
rashes
cyst/boils
Health conditions for waxing
Diabetes
blood circulation
chemotherapy
high blood presssure
low pain threshold
lupus