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11 terms

The Sounds of Poetry

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rhyme
the repetition of the same stressed vowel sound and any sounds that follow.
ex. phone and loan
assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds
ex. lives and this
consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds
ex. sitting and waiting
alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
ex. "s" sound of steel on stones
rhythm
a musical quality of a pattern of beats created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables
meter
a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
ex. I set her on my pacing steed.
free verse poems
poetry that has no fixed pattern of meter, rhyme, line, length, or stanza. They sound like everyday conversation.
onomatopoeia
the use of words that sound like their meanings.
ex. meow, hiss, gurgle
simile
comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as"
ex. The many-colored fish is like a rainbow.
metaphor
compares two unlike things
ex. The fish is a rainbow.
personification
a type of metaphor in which an object, animal, or idea is talked about as if it were human.
ex. The fish smiles happily.