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64 terms

mai. ped.

STUDY
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abrasive nail file
thin elongated board with a rough surface, file the free edge of nails.
abrasive scrubs
Slightly abrasive products containing softening agents or oils to penetrate dry, flaky skin and calluses that need to be smoothed during a pedicure
alum
aluminum salt used as a styptic (agent used to stop bleeding) in powder form or solution
booth manicure
manicure that is given in a booth and not at the manicuring table
base coat
colorless liquid applied to the natural nail before the application of a colored polish
callus softeners
Helps soften and smooth calluses, especially on heels and over pressure points.
Clipper
multi-use too used to shorten the nail plate is a nail
curette
Small, spoon-shaped instrument used for cleaning debris from edges of nail plate.
cuticle creams
usually have a base of lanolin, petroleum, or beeswax designed to prevent or correct brittle nails and dry cuticles
cuticle nipper
small cutting tool used to nip or cut excess cuticle at the base of the nail
cuticle oil
soften and lubricate the cuticle around the fingernail and to nails
cuticle pusher
implement used to loosen and push back the cuticle around the fingernails or toenails; shaped to conform to the shape of the nails
cuticle remover
solution of alkali, glycerin, and water used to soften and remove dead cuticle from around the nail
Diabetic
To avoid risk of infection, nippers should never be used on a client who is
diamond nail file
metal implement with diamond dust embedded in the metal, files the free edge of the toenails and in some cases thins them
Disinfectant
a chemical that should never be added to the footbath with the clients feet
dry nail polish
powder or paste used with a chamois buffer to ass shine to the nail
emery board
disposable manicuring instrument with rough cutting ridges, used for shaping the nails with the coarse side and smoothing them with the finer side
exfoliating scrubs
Preparations used to remove dry or scaly skin on feet and legs.
Exfoliation
spa maincures should include a relaxing massage and some sort of
foot files or paddles
Large abrasive files used to smooth, remove dry flaky skin and reduce thicker areas of calluses.
foot lotion, oil, or cream
Products used to condition and moisturize feet: also used for performing a foot massage.
foot soaks
Products containing gentle soaps, moisturizers, and so on, used in a pedicure bath to cleanse and soften skin.
formaldehyde hardeners
nail hardeners that utilize keratin fibers to streghten the nail and contain no more than 5 percent formaldehyde
french manicure
manicure in which the free edge of the nail is polished, tipped, or sclupted in an opaque colo while the nail plate is is polished or left a more translucent color
friction movement
Frim pressure applied to bottom of foot using thumb compression to work from side to side and toward the heel.
hand creams
creams made up of emollients and humectants, recommended for dry, chapped or irritated skin
hand lotions
similar in composition to hand creams but with a thinner consistency due to higher oil content
hand movements
Movements used in therapeutic massage
Lanulla
half moon at base of natural nail
liquid nail polish or lacquer
thick liquid used to color or gloss the nail
liquid soap
Used in pedicuring, contains a mild detergent for cleansing feet.
Loosen & Disolves Dead Tissue
cuticale remover that typically contain sodium or potassium hydroxide are used to
MANICURE
CARE OF THE HANDS AND NAILS
masques
Usually composed of mineral clays, moisturizing agents, skin softeners, aromatherapy oils and beneficial extracts.
massage oils
Blends of oils used to lubricate, moisturize, and invigorate skin during a massage.
massage preparations
Oils, creams, lotions used to lubricate, moisturize, and invigorate skin.
nail bleach
product used to remove stains and whiten the nails
Nail Brush
implement used to clean under and around fingernails, remove dust and debris, with warm water and soap
nail buffer
made of leather or chamois used with polishing powder or paste to polish the nails to a high luster
nail file
metal instrument with a specially prepared surface used to file and shape the nails
nail hardener
product designed to prevent nails from splitting or peeling
nail rasp
Metal file with an edge that can file the nail plate in only one direction.
nippers
Instrument used for manicures and pedicures,trim tags of dead skin.
Non-Acetone
type of nail polish remover recommended when removing polish from wrap type of nail enhancements
nylon fiber hardeners
are a combination of clear polish and nylon fibers applied first vertically then horizontally on the nail plate
orangewood stick
made from wood of the orange tree used to loosen the cuticle around the base of the nail or to clean under the free edge
Paddles
a foot file also knowen as
parafin baths
Used to stimlate circulation , reduce inflammation and provide circulation to the affected joints.
pedicure
Standard service performed by cosmetologists, includes care and massage of feet( trimming, shaping, and polishing toenails)
pedicure slippers
Disposable paper or foam slippers are needed for those clients who have not worn open-toed shoes.
protein hardeners
nail hardeners that are a combination of clear polish and a protein such as collagen
Pumice Powder
mild abrasive that polishes fine scratches from the surface of the nail plate
Relaxer Movement
form of massage "joint movement"
Sanitize & Disinfect
prior to reusing any bruch or applicator, that comes in contact with clients nails or skin, must be properly
Self Disinfecting
products that can not harbor the growth of pathogen have brushes that are considered to be
styptic
agent used to stop bleeding
squoval
term describing a square nail with the ends rounded or taken off
tapotement
Massage movement using a short, quick hacking, slapping, or tapping technique.
toe separators
Foam rubber toe separators or cotton are used to keep toes apart while polishing the nails.
toenail clippers
Professional instruments with curved or straight jaws used for cutting toenails.
top coat or sealer
liquid, colorless nail enamel applied over polish to protect the polish, prevent chipping, and impart a high gloss
tweezers
implement used to lift small bits of cuticle from the nail
Wooden Pusher
manicuring implement not designed for reuse on an additional client