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Genetics by mr schwalm

STUDY
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Chromosome
Coiled strand of DNA, humans have 46
DNA
the "blueprint of the organism", contains instructions for all cells
Traits
A characteristic about an individual, example is eye color
Genotype
The letter combination of the two alleles
Phenotype
The physical description of a gene, what it looks like.
Allele
An alternate form of a gene
Homozygous
Two of the same alleles
Heterozygous
A mixed set of alleles
Dominant
The stronger allele, represented with an upper case letter
Recessive
The weaker allele, disappears when the dominant allele is present.
Gene
Section of DNA that codes for a trait