SOL WHI.2,3,4: Ancient Civilizations
Terms in this set (68)
This group emerged in Africa between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago.
Homo sapiens migrated to Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas from this place.
People whose survival depended on the availability of wild plants and animals.
Term which means to migrate in search of food, water, and shelter
Small groups which early humans lived in.
Developed by early humans & helped increase effective planning of hunting & gathering.
Developed by early humans and aided in keeping warm, cooking, and protection.
time humans first developed tools and simple weapons, fire, oral language, and cave art.
Developed this during the Neolithic, allowing for settlement into permanent communities
developed this which provided a steady food source and a source of labor
Time period when humans developed agriculture, settled communities, domestication of animals, advanced tools, pottery, and weaving skills.
Studies past culture by locating and analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts.
Scientific test which analyze fossils and artifacts to find their ages.
Archaeological site in England that began in the Neolithic & finished in the Bronze Age
Civilization located on the Nile River and Delta
Civilization located on the Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys
Civilization located around the Indus Valley
Civilization located around the Huang He River Valley
Group settled between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River Valley
First monotheistic religion followers
Land where Mesopotamia & other early civilization grew up where the soil was very rich
Settled along the Mediterranean coast and known to be a great trading & seafaring people
Kingdom located on the upper (southern) Nile River in Africa
Hereditary rule created these groups of rulers (one family)
institution present in ancient civilization; people were subjected to the will of others; accepted in river valley civilizations
Early written law code, created by the Hebrews
First written law code, created by a Babylonian king
This happened with labor- people began to develop more individualized skills and jobs
religion which believes in many gods and goddesses
religion which believes in only one God
religion of the Hebrews
founder of Judaism; led Hebrews to Mesopotamia
Capital city in the kingdom of Israel
Holy book of the Jews.
Helped Judaism to spread because Hebrews were forced to leave their homeland
Term which means "spreading out"; helped Judaism spread
Earliest written symbols
Writing of Egypt
Writing of Sumer (Mesopotamian city-state)
writing of the Phoenicians
Group who created a huge empire who were tolerant of those they conquered and who created an imperial bureaucracy and road system
Religion of the Persians
Mountain range in the north of India which allowed invaders to enter the civilization
Group which migrated into India, becoming the dominant class
Rigid class system instituted by the Aryans which was hereditary (inheritance of class)
Empire during the Golden Age of classical Indian culture
Advancements were made in textiles and literature as well as in this field in India
religion of India to which they believed in many forms of one deity
Belief of Hindus; cycles of rebirth
Belief that future incarnations are based on present behavior
one of the sacred writings of Hinduism (starts with V)
one of the sacred writings of Hinduism (starts with U)
religion which declared there were 4 Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path to Enlightenment
founder of Buddhism
Leader who helped to spread Buddhism from India to China and other parts of Asia
built by Qin dynasty leader Shi Huangdi as a line of defense against Northern invasions in China
founder of Buddhism
Mandate of Heaven
Belief that Chinese dynasties were given the right to rule from heaven, but only as long as their rule was just
Trade route for trade and contact between China and other cultures as far away as Rome
Contribution of classical China which made jobs in the government based on merit
contribution of classical China which allowed for easier production of the written word
Contribution of classical China which is a type of clay that is used to make plates, cups, etc.
contribution of classical China which was a very popular trade good (a textile)
this philosophy helped to form social order in China and was based on the belief that humans are good, not evil, that people should respect their elders, be polite, get an education, and worship or revere their ancestors
this philosophy helped to form culture and values in China and encouraged humility, living a peaceful life, attaining inner peace, and living in harmony with nature
this symbol represents the opposites of Confucianism and Taoism
Chinese forms of this religion spread throughout Asia (Originated in India)
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SOL WHI.5 Ancient Greece
SOL WHI.6: Ancient Rome
SOL WHI.7 Byzantine Empire
SOL WHI.8: The Rise and Spread of Islam