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The Gift of the Nile
a Greek historian Herodotus called Egypt this; the river's floods allowed people to farm- giving them food/life.
longest river in the world; over 4000 miles long; runs from central Africa to the Mediterranean Sea (south to north)
a triangle-shaped area of land made from soil deposited by a river; 2/3 of Egypt's fertile farmland was in the delta
The floods of the Nile
happened once each year in Lower Egypt (in the fall) and Upper Egypt (mid-summer); covered the area with rich silt
protection from invaders: the deserts to the east and west, the Mediterranean to the north, the Red Sea to the east, and the cataracts to the south
Upper and Lower Egypt- each had its own ruler and capital city, Upper Egypt's king wore a white crown and Lower Egypt's king wore a red crown
3100BC; rose to power in Upper Egypt; invaded Lower Egypt and united the two kingdoms into one; wore a double-crown ; built a new capital in Memphis; married a princess from Lower Egypt
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