15 terms

Chp 4 Sec 1

Geography and Early Egypt
The Gift of the Nile
a Greek historian Herodotus called Egypt this; the river's floods allowed people to farm- giving them food/life.
The Nile
longest river in the world; over 4000 miles long; runs from central Africa to the Mediterranean Sea (south to north)
Upper Egypt
the southern region, located upriver in relation to the Nile's flow
Lower Egypt
the northern region, located downriver in relation to the Nile's flow
rapids; a series of cataracts made sailing difficult in southern Egypt
a triangle-shaped area of land made from soil deposited by a river; 2/3 of Egypt's fertile farmland was in the delta
The floods of the Nile
happened once each year in Lower Egypt (in the fall) and Upper Egypt (mid-summer); covered the area with rich silt
the black land
what the Egyptians called their country (because of the fertile soil)
the red land
what the Egyptians called the desert beyond the river valley
small farming villages begin to develop in Egypt
natural barriers
protection from invaders: the deserts to the east and west, the Mediterranean to the north, the Red Sea to the east, and the cataracts to the south
Two Kingdoms
Upper and Lower Egypt- each had its own ruler and capital city, Upper Egypt's king wore a white crown and Lower Egypt's king wore a red crown
3100BC; rose to power in Upper Egypt; invaded Lower Egypt and united the two kingdoms into one; wore a double-crown ; built a new capital in Memphis; married a princess from Lower Egypt
the title used by the rulers of Egypt; means "great house"
a series of rulers from the same family