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Chinese philosopher, administrator, and moralist. His social and moral teachings, collected in the Analects , tried to replace former religious observances
the "Old Master" who encouraged people to give up worldly desires in favor of nature; he founded Taoism (Daoism)
founder of legalism and believed that harsh punishments were the only way to control people
Ruler of China who united China for the first time. He built road and canals and began the Great Wall of China. He also imposed a standard system of laws, money, weights, and writing.
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